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Nov 16, 2017 Essay on Obama the Marxist,
bet theme essay It was a dark autumn night. The old banker was walking up and down his study and remembering how, fifteen years before, he had given a party one autumn evening. There had been many clever men there, and Essay on Obama, there had been interesting conversations. Actor-network Theory. Among other things they had talked of capital punishment. The Marxist. The majority of the guests, among whom were many journalists and intellectual men, disapproved of the theory, death penalty. They considered that form of punishment out of Essay on Obama, date, immoral, and unsuitable for Christian States. In the opinion of some of them the death penalty ought to infinite reach, be replaced everywhere by imprisonment for life.
I don't agree with you, said their host the banker. Essay The Marxist. I have not tried either the about Personal Learning, death penalty or imprisonment for life, but if one may judge a priori , the death penalty is more moral and more humane than imprisonment for life. Capital punishment kills a man at Essay on Obama, once, but lifelong imprisonment kills him slowly. Which executioner is the more humane, he who kills you in a few minutes or he who drags the life out of The Hisory of Curriculum, you in the course of many years? Both are equally immoral, observed one of the Essay on Obama the Marxist, guests, for they both have the black legends, same object - to take away life. The State is Essay the Marxist, not God. Black Legends. It has not the right to take away what it cannot restore when it wants to. Among the on Obama the Marxist, guests was a young lawyer, a young man of five-and-twenty.
When he was asked his opinion, he said: The death sentence and colossians, the life sentence are equally immoral, but if I had to choose between the death penalty and imprisonment for life, I would certainly choose the on Obama the Marxist, second. To live anyhow is better than not at Video Behavior Essay, all. A lively discussion arose. The banker, who was younger and more nervous in those days, was suddenly carried away by excitement; he struck the Essay, table with his fist and Personal Plan, shouted at the young man: It's not true! I'll bet you two million you wouldn't stay in the Marxist solitary confinement for barnes uk, five years. If you mean that in earnest, said the young man, I'll take the bet, but I would stay not five but fifteen years. Fifteen? Done! cried the Essay on Obama, banker. Gentlemen, I stake two million! Agreed!
You stake your millions and I stake my freedom! said the Video a Person's Behavior Essay, young man. Essay The Marxist. And this wild, senseless bet was carried out! The banker, spoilt and frivolous, with millions beyond his reckoning, was delighted at barnes and noble uk, the bet. At supper he made fun of the young man, and on Obama the Marxist, said: Think better of it, young man, while there is still time. Barnes And Noble Uk. To me two million is Essay on Obama the Marxist, a trifle, but you are losing three or four of the 3 12-14, best years of your life. I say three or four, because you won't stay longer.
Don't forget either, you unhappy man, that voluntary confinement is a great deal harder to bear than compulsory. The thought that you have the right to step out in on Obama liberty at any moment will poison your whole existence in Essay about Personal Plan prison. Essay The Marxist. I am sorry for you. And now the banker, walking to and fro, remembered all this, and asked himself: What was the black legends, object of Essay, that bet? What is the good of that man's losing fifteen years of his life and my throwing away two million? Can it prove that the death penalty is better or worse than imprisonment for colossians, life? No, no. Essay The Marxist. It was all nonsensical and desiree's baby, meaningless. On my part it was the on Obama, caprice of a pampered man, and on his part simple greed for money . Then he remembered what followed that evening.
It was decided that the desiree's analysis, young man should spend the on Obama the Marxist, years of 3 12-14, his captivity under the strictest supervision in the Marxist one of the colossians 3 12-14, lodges in the banker's garden. It was agreed that for the Marxist, fifteen years he should not be free to Video Behavior Essay, cross the on Obama the Marxist, threshold of the lodge, to actor-network theory, see human beings, to hear the Essay on Obama the Marxist, human voice, or to desiree's baby, receive letters and newspapers. He was allowed to Essay on Obama, have a musical instrument and books, and actor-network theory, was allowed to write letters, to on Obama, drink wine, and to smoke. Reach. By the the Marxist, terms of the colossians, agreement, the only relations he could have with the Essay on Obama, outer world were by a little window made purposely for 3 12-14, that object. He might have anything he wanted - books, music, wine, and on Obama, so on - in any quantity he desired by writing an order, but could only receive them through the window. Baby Analysis. The agreement provided for every detail and every trifle that would make his imprisonment strictly solitary, and bound the young man to Essay, stay there exactly fifteen years, beginning from The Hisory, twelve o'clock of Essay on Obama the Marxist, November 14, 1870, and ending at The Hisory Essays, twelve o'clock of November 14, 1885. The slightest attempt on on Obama his part to theory, break the on Obama, conditions, if only two minutes before the end, released the banker from the obligation to of Curriculum, pay him the two million.
For the first year of his confinement, as far as one could judge from his brief notes, the prisoner suffered severely from loneliness and Essay on Obama the Marxist, depression. The sounds of the piano could be heard continually day and Essay about Plan, night from Essay on Obama, his lodge. He refused wine and tobacco. Wine, he wrote, excites the desires, and desires are the worst foes of the desiree's baby, prisoner; and besides, nothing could be more dreary than drinking good wine and Essay on Obama the Marxist, seeing no one. And tobacco spoilt the Personal Plan, air of the Marxist, his room.
In the desiree's baby, first year the books he sent for were principally of a light character; novels with a complicated love plot, sensational and Essay on Obama, fantastic stories, and so on. In the second year the barnes uk, piano was silent in the lodge, and the prisoner asked only for Essay, the classics. In the fifth year music was audible again, and the prisoner asked for 3 12-14, wine. Those who watched him through the on Obama the Marxist, window said that all that year he spent doing nothing but eating and of Curriculum Essays, drinking and lying on his bed, frequently yawning and on Obama, angrily talking to actor-network theory, himself. He did not read books.
Sometimes at night he would sit down to on Obama the Marxist, write; he would spend hours writing, and in the morning tear up all that he had written. Games Affect Behavior. More than once he could be heard crying. In the Essay on Obama, second half of the Essays, sixth year the prisoner began zealously studying languages, philosophy, and Essay the Marxist, history. He threw himself eagerly into these studies - so much so that the Video Behavior, banker had enough to Essay on Obama the Marxist, do to get him the books he ordered. In the course of four years some six hundred volumes were procured at his request. It was during this period that the banker received the Games a Person's Behavior Essay, following letter from his prisoner: My dear Jailer, I write you these lines in six languages. Essay. Show them to people who know the and noble, languages. Let them read them. If they find not one mistake I implore you to Essay, fire a shot in the garden. That shot will show me that my efforts have not been thrown away. The geniuses of black legends, all ages and of all lands speak different languages, but the same flame burns in on Obama the Marxist them all.
Oh, if you only knew what unearthly happiness my soul feels now from about Personal Learning, being able to understand them! The prisoner's desire was fulfilled. Essay On Obama The Marxist. The banker ordered two shots to The Hisory of Curriculum, be fired in the garden. On Obama The Marxist. Then after the tenth year, the prisoner sat immovably at the table and read nothing but the Gospel. Actor-network Theory. It seemed strange to the banker that a man who in four years had mastered six hundred learned volumes should waste nearly a year over Essay on Obama, one thin book easy of comprehension. Theology and histories of colossians, religion followed the Gospels. In the last two years of his confinement the prisoner read an immense quantity of books quite indiscriminately. On Obama The Marxist. At one time he was busy with the Violent Affect Behavior Essay, natural sciences, then he would ask for Byron or Shakespeare. On Obama The Marxist. There were notes in which he demanded at the same time books on chemistry, and a manual of medicine, and a novel, and infinite reach, some treatise on on Obama philosophy or theology. His reading suggested a man swimming in black legends the sea among the wreckage of the Marxist, his ship, and operation, trying to Essay on Obama, save his life by greedily clutching first at one spar and analysis, then at another. Essay The Marxist. The old banker remembered all this, and thought: To-morrow at about Personal Learning, twelve o'clock he will regain his freedom.
By our agreement I ought to Essay on Obama the Marxist, pay him two million. If I do pay him, it is all over actor-network theory, with me: I shall be utterly ruined. Fifteen years before, his millions had been beyond his reckoning; now he was afraid to ask himself which were greater, his debts or his assets. Desperate gambling on Essay on Obama the Stock Exchange, wild speculation and the excitability whic h he could not get over even in advancing years, had by degrees led to the decline of his fortune and the proud, fearless, self-confident millionaire had become a banker of middling rank, trembling at every rise and fall in barnes uk his investments. Cursed bet! muttered the old man, clutching his head in despair Why didn't the man die? He is Essay, only forty now.
He will take my last penny from me, he will marry, will enjoy life, will gamble on the Exchange; while I shall look at analysis, him with envy like a beggar, and the Marxist, hear from The Hisory Essays, him every day the same sentence: 'I am indebted to you for the happiness of my life, let me help you!' No, it is the Marxist, too much! The one means of being saved from Games a Person's Essay, bankruptcy and on Obama, disgrace is the baby, death of that man! It struck three o'clock, the banker listened; everyone was asleep in Essay on Obama the Marxist the house and nothing could be heard outside but the rustling of the 3 12-14, chilled trees. Trying to make no noise, he took from a fireproof safe the key of the door which had not been opened for Essay, fifteen years, put on theory his overcoat, and went out of the house. It was dark and Essay the Marxist, cold in the garden.
Rain was falling. A damp cutting wind was racing about the garden, howling and giving the trees no rest. The banker strained his eyes, but could see neither the reach, earth nor the white statues, nor the on Obama the Marxist, lodge, nor the trees. Operation Infinite. Going to the spot where the lodge stood, he twice called the the Marxist, watchman. Operation. No answer followed. Evidently the watchman had sought shelter from the weather, and was now asleep somewhere either in the kitchen or in Essay the greenhouse. Desiree's Baby. If I had the pluck to carry out my intention, thought the old man, Suspicion would fall first upon Essay the watchman.
He felt in the darkness for the steps and the door, and went into the entry of the lodge. Then he groped his way into a little passage and lighted a match. There was not a soul there. Desiree's Baby Analysis. There was a bedstead with no bedding on on Obama it, and in desiree's baby the corner there was a dark cast-iron stove. The seals on the door leading to the Marxist, the prisoner's rooms were intact. When the match went out the colossians 3 12-14, old man, trembling with emotion, peeped through the little window. A candle was burning dimly in the prisoner's room. He was sitting at on Obama the Marxist, the table. Nothing could be seen but his back, the operation infinite reach, hair on his head, and his hands.
Open books were lying on the table, on the two easy-chairs, and on the carpet near the table. Five minutes passed and the prisoner did not once stir. Essay On Obama. Fifteen years' imprisonment had taught him to Essay Personal Learning Plan, sit still. The banker tapped at the window with his finger, and the prisoner made no movement whatever in response. Then the banker cautiously broke the seals off the door and Essay on Obama the Marxist, put the Video Games Affect a Person's Behavior Essay, key in on Obama the keyhole. The rusty lock gave a grating sound and the door creaked. The banker expected to and noble uk, hear at once footsteps and a cry of astonishment, but three minutes passed and Essay, it was as quiet as ever in the room. Barnes. He made up his mind to Essay on Obama the Marxist, go in. At the table a man unlike ordinary people was sitting motionless. Colossians 3 12-14. He was a skeleton with the Essay the Marxist, skin drawn tight over black legends, his bones, with long curls like a woman's and the Marxist, a shaggy beard.
His face was yellow with an black legends earthy tint in it, his cheeks were hollow, his back long and Essay on Obama, narrow, and the hand on which his shaggy head was propped was so thin and delicate that it was dreadful to look at it. His hair was already streaked with silver, and seeing his emaciated, aged-looking face, no one would have believed that he was only forty. Actor-network Theory. He was asleep . On Obama The Marxist. In front of desiree's baby analysis, his bowed head there lay on the table a sheet of on Obama, paper on which there was something written in black legends fine handwriting. On Obama The Marxist. Poor creature! thought the banker, he is asleep and a Person's, most likely dreaming of the on Obama, millions. And I have only to Violent Games Affect Behavior Essay, take this half-dead man, throw him on Essay the Marxist the bed, stifle him a little with the pillow, and the most conscientious expert would find no sign of reach, a violent death. Essay The Marxist. But let us first read what he has written here . The banker took the actor-network theory, page from the the Marxist, table and read as follows: To-morrow at twelve o'clock I regain my freedom and the right to associate with other men, but before I leave this room and Video Games Affect Behavior, see the sunshine, I think it necessary to on Obama the Marxist, say a few words to you. Games Affect A Person's Essay. With a clear conscience I tell you, as before God, who beholds me, that I despise freedom and life and Essay, health, and all that in your books is called the good things of the world. For fifteen years I have been intently studying earthly life. It is true I have not seen the earth nor men, but in your books I have drunk fragrant wine, I have sung songs, I have hunted stags and wild boars in Essay Personal Plan the forests, have loved women . On Obama. Beauties as ethereal as clouds, created by the magic of your poets and geniuses, have visited me at night, and theory, have whispered in my ears wonderful tales that have set my brain in a whirl. In your books I have climbed to the peaks of on Obama the Marxist, Elburz and Mont Blanc, and from there I have seen the sun rise and 3 12-14, have watched it at the Marxist, evening flood the actor-network, sky, the on Obama the Marxist, ocean, and Video Affect Essay, the mountain-tops with gold and crimson. I have watched from there the on Obama the Marxist, lightning flashing over my head and 3 12-14, cleaving the Essay on Obama, storm-clouds.
I have seen green forests, fields, rivers, lakes, towns. I have heard the singing of the Video Affect a Person's Essay, sirens, and the strains of the on Obama the Marxist, shepherds' pipes; I have touched the wings of comely devils who flew down to converse with me of barnes, God . The Marxist. In your books I have flung myself into the bottomless pit, performed miracles, slain, burned towns, preached new religions, conquered whole kingdoms . Your books have given me wisdom. All that the unresting thought of man has created in a Person's the ages is compressed into a small compass in the Marxist my brain. Barnes Uk. I know that I am wiser than all of Essay the Marxist, you. The Hisory. And I despise your books, I despise wisdom and the blessings of Essay on Obama the Marxist, this world. It is about Plan, all worthless, fleeting, illusory, and deceptive, like a mirage. You may be proud, wise, and fine, but death will wipe you off the Essay on Obama, face of the earth as though you were no more than mice burrowing under the floor, and your posterity, your history, your immortal geniuses will burn or freeze together with the desiree's, earthly globe. You have lost your reason and Essay, taken the wrong path. About Learning. You have taken lies for truth, and hideousness for beauty. On Obama The Marxist. You would marvel if, owing to strange events of black legends, some sorts, frogs and the Marxist, lizards suddenly grew on apple and orange trees instead of fruit, or if roses began to smell like a sweating horse; so I marvel at you who exchange heaven for operation reach, earth. I don't want to understand you.
To prove to you in action how I despise all that you live by, I renounce the two million of Essay on Obama, which I once dreamed as of paradise and which now I despise. Colossians 3 12-14. To deprive myself of the Essay on Obama the Marxist, right to colossians 3 12-14, the money I shall go out from here five hours before the time fixed, and so break the compact . When the on Obama, banker had read this he laid the page on Essays the table, kissed the on Obama the Marxist, strange man on the head, and Games a Person's Behavior, went out of the lodge, weeping. At no other time, even when he had lost heavily on the Stock Exchange, had he felt so great a contempt for himself. On Obama The Marxist. When he got home he lay on his bed, but his tears and colossians, emotion kept him for hours from the Marxist, sleeping. Next morning the watchmen ran in operation reach with pale faces, and told him they had seen the Essay on Obama the Marxist, man who lived in theory the lodge climb out of the window into the garden, go to the gate, and disappear.
The banker went at on Obama the Marxist, once with the servants to actor-network theory, the lodge and Essay on Obama the Marxist, made sure of the flight of baby analysis, his prisoner. To avoid arousing unnecessary talk, he took from the Essay, table the writing in which the millions were renounced, and when he got home locked it up in the fireproof safe.
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Nov 16, 2017 Essay on Obama the Marxist,
resume storage 1. Field of the Invention. The invention relates to a method and Essay the Marxist system for resume storage and retrieval from multiple resume warehouses. And Noble. More specifically, the invention relates to a method and system to allow clients/recruiters to collect and organize job applicant information gathered from multiply resume warehouses. 2. Description of the Related Technology.
Resumes are a primary communication medium between employers and job applicants. Employers annually spend billions of dollars to solicit resumes using newspaper advertisements, job fairs, college recruitment seminars, and other methods. In response, job applicants spend billions more to compose, typeset, print, and ship those resumes. Unfortunately, present resume delivery practices are expensive and frustrating for job applicants. Employers and applicants suffer from the inefficiencies of resume collection and Essay handling. The solicitation, receipt, storage, management, search, and retrieval of The Hisory of Curriculum dozens, hundreds, and in some cases thousands of resumes can be a difficult, unwieldy, and expensive burden on the employer. Physical, paper-based resumes are often stored in desk drawers and filing cabinets. The numerous limitations of present resume practices include consumption of substantial physical space; difficulty in on Obama the Marxist, searching through large quantities of paper documents; the near-impossibility of correlating applicants whose resumes may vary widely in organization, content, and clarity; and the lack of uniformity in the search process from one practitioner to another. The growing popularity oft he Internet has created a niche in the resume distribution business for 3 12-14, Internet resume warehouses (for example, Monster.com, Hotjobs.com, Dice) to improve the method of resume solicitation, sorting, delivery, handling, and management. In U.S.
Pat. No. 5,758,324 issued to Hartman et al. (incorporated by reference), a resume warehouse is described that allows a job applicant to fill out a resume outline form 30 (FIG. 3 ). The form 30 has a plurality of fields 31 relevant to employment, using typical information found on a resume is summarized by the applicant. Another resume warehouse is described in on Obama, U.S. Pat. No. 5,978,768 to McGovern et al. (incorporated by reference), which enables an employer to use a computer network, such as the Internet, to advertise available positions and receive resumes electronically from prospective applicants, and enables prospective applicants to use the Internet to Essay about Personal, find those available positions. Therefore, a continuing need exists for Essay the Marxist, a system which will maximize the scope of a company's advertising efforts while also providing a reasonably secure and efficient manner of forwarding resumes to the company and enabling the company to efficiently screen and categorize the resumes received.
Additionally, a continuing need exists to Video Games a Person's Behavior, assist a job seeker in locating available positions quickly and effectively. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. From the above discussion, it is clear that a very significant need exists for an improved method of resume sorting, delivery, handling, and management. The invention relates to a method and system for resume storage and on Obama the Marxist retrieval from multiple resume warehouses. More specifically, the invention relates to a method to allow recruiters to collect and organize job applicant information gathered from multiply resume warehouses. On-line resume warehouses have grown in popularity as a means to cut recruiting cost. Barnes Uk. Each warehouse has a different method for formatting the job applicant information. Currently, recruiters may print out on Obama, resume of interest or cut and paste them into a word processing application.
Since recruiters may be receive a large amount of resumes, the Learning task of organizing and screening those resumes may be particularly burdensome and thus, a certain resume may be overlooked or mishandled. Furthermore, the electronic storage requirements may be overwhelming for a business technology resources. The invention provides a method and apparatus for the Marxist, storage and retrieval of resume information from multiple resume warehouses. The invention provides a method and apparatus for Personal, searching multiple resume warehouses for resumes and collecting information regarding the resume in a service providers database. The invention provides a method of and apparatus for storage and retrieval of resume information in a manner which preserves the appearance, organization, and information content of the on Obama original document. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and black legends apparatus for parsing the resume information and storing the on Obama resume information in a database. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for computer-assisted searching of the resume information. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for baby, enabling the automatic and continuous execution oft he searches through resume warehouses, thereby determining when a potentially qualifying applicant has entered their resume. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for coordinating the parsing of resume information from multiple resume warehouses. Other features oft he invention will become apparent to Essay on Obama, those of Video a Person's Behavior Essay ordinary skill in the art upon Essay on Obama review of the 3 12-14 following detailed description, claims, and drawings.
An object of the present invention is to Essay the Marxist, provide a method and apparatus which enables an individual to search multiple on-line databases for resumes from prospective candidates, and allows the individual to capture and efficiently organize and screen the capture resumes. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of the invention. FIG. 2 shows another embodiment of the invention. FIG. 3 shows another embodiment of the invention. FIG. 4 shows another embodiment of the colossians invention. FIG.
5 shows another embodiment of the invention. FIG. 6 shows another embodiment of the invention. FIG. 7A shows another embodiment of the Essay the Marxist invention. FIG. 7B shows another embodiment of the invention. FIG. 8 shows another embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 9 shows another embodiment of the invention. FIG. 10 shows another embodiment of the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT. FIG.
1 shows the a prior art on-line resume storage and The Hisory of Curriculum retrieval system. An employer may link to a resume warehouse (for example, Monster.com, Hotjobs.com, Dice) and search the warehouse's database for on Obama, resumes. Barnes And Noble Uk. Once the employer finds a resume that meets the Essay the Marxist required qualifications, the employer may print out a copy of the resume or electronically cut and paste the document into a word processor application. The resume may then be filed away or stored on black legends, the employer's computer system. This method has many disadvantages, such as the resumes must be manually organized and screened, the resumes require a large portion of the employers' computer resources for storage.
This method is inefficient even after the resumes are received by Essay on Obama the Marxist, the company. For example, because the resumes must be manually organized and screened, a person in the company's recruitment or human resources department may need to spend a significant amount of Essay about Learning Plan time every day performing this task. Due to Essay, the large amount of 3 12-14 resumes that may be received, the task of organizing and screening those resumes may be particularly burdensome and thus, a certain resume may be overlooked or mishandled. As a result, a candidate who is well suited for a position may never be considered. Another disadvantage of the prior on-line resume storage and retrieval systems is Essay on Obama a client/recruiter may utilize more than one resume warehouse. Each resume warehouse may have a different method or format for supplying an employer with job applicant information. The different methods or formats may make it difficult for an employer to import and manage the colossians 3 12-14 resume information from different resume warehouse sources. The present invention overcomes this disadvantage by providing a method and apparatus that allows employers to Essay on Obama, import and managing job applicant information from multiple resume warehouse. Another disadvantage is prior systems do not provide an employer the ability to track the efficiency of each resume warehouse at generating potential job candidates. Currently, there is a need to 3 12-14, track each resume warehouse to determine the on Obama the Marxist number of resumes supplied to a client, the number of job candidates generated and the number of hires generated.
Furthermore, the present invention may notify a client when a resume is already stored in the client's database located at the service provider's site. This will eliminate paying and storing for multiple copies of a resume. In addition, the present invention eliminates false efficiency counts for a resumes warehouses. In an alternative embodiment, the method and apparatus may allow a client to accept resumes: from a headhunter. The resumes submitted by a headhunter may be added to the client's database located at the service provider's site. A client may use the method and apparatus to analysis, track the productivity a headhunter. The present system may track a head hunter to determine the number of on Obama resumes supplied to black legends, a client, the number of job candidates generated and Essay the Marxist the number of hires generated. If a headhunter attempts to submit a resume to a client's database and the resume is already stored in the client's database located at the service provider's site, the system may automatically notify the client and/or headhunter that the resume exist and that no commission will be paid for the resume submission. This method reduces or eliminates any confusion regarding commissions paid to and noble uk, the headhunters.
Since headhunters charge a substantial fee for their services, this is an important advantage of the present invention. An overview of an embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in FIG. 2 . This figure illustrates a relationship between computers 40 used by job applicants searching for employment positions; an employer, recruiter or company 41 having a computer 42 (it is understood that more than one employer, recruiter or company may use the present invention); a resume database 43 ; and a service provider 50 . The resume database 43 may be maintained by a resume warehouse, which typically has contractual relationships with the employers, or companies 41 (may be a headhunter or recruiter). Each node in FIG. 2 (job seeker computer 40 , company computers 42 , resume warehouse 43 and service provider 50 ) is on Obama provided with suitable communication links and communications software so that they may communicate with each other. Various possible types of communication links may be employed for baby analysis, the communication links between the nodes of FIG. 2 . For example, the communication link may comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, a combination of the preceding, or any other desired type of connection.
Different machines can connect using different types of communication links. The computers may be workstations, desktop computers, laptop computers, mobile computers, PDAs, servers, clients, peers, uniprocessor or multiprocessor machines, embedded systems, and/or other computers. Suitable networks include local area networks, metropolitan area networks, wide area networks, the Internet, or any combination thereof “Internet” as used herein includes variations such as a private Internet, a secure Internet, a value-added network, a virtual private network, a portion oft he Internet such as the Essay the Marxist World Wide Web, or an intranet. If an Internet connection is Learning used, some security precautions may be taken in an embodiment of the invention. For example, a secure servers or encryption methods may be used. The operations performed by a company computer 42 running computer software according to an embodiment of the present invention will now be described. Essay On Obama The Marxist. A diagram of black legends a typical computer on which the present invention is the Marxist implemented is shown in FIG. 3 . Colossians. Computer 10 usually includes keyboard 12 , display device 14 and pointing device 16 . Computer 10 has a program running thereon in Essay the Marxist, accordance with the present invention. Display device 14 can be any of barnes and noble a number of different devices, such as a computer monitor employing a cathode ray tube (CRT) or touch screen. Pointing device 16 as shown in FIG. 3 is the Marxist a mouse, although the invention is not so limited.
When a client connects to the service provider's web site, the service provider may display a screen requesting that the uk client enter his or her name, pseudonym, or the like, and password, which allows the client to Essay on Obama, interact with or “log-on” to the service provider's web site. In an alternative embodiment, the client is not required to log-on. Once a client has log-on, the service provider may display interactive screens that allow the about Learning client to the Marxist, perform desired tasks to administrate or facilitate the hiring process. The service provider 50 may provide the client's machine 41 with a web page allowing the The Hisory of Curriculum client to select a resume warehouse for searching for job applicants. As shown in FIG. Essay. 4 , the client may select an icon, as shown which consists of a very thin rectangular grey colored icon with the of Curriculum Essays resume warehouse name used to represent a link. The invention is not limited by the size, shape or type of icon.
The icon shown is for illustrative purposes only. By selecting the icon representing a resume warehouse, a client may link to the resume warehouse though the Essay service provider's custom browser/client program. The service provider may provide automatic login features for the resume warehouses that require passwords. The client may then search for Video Affect Behavior, job applicants at the resume warehouse site. In this embodiment, the visual image of the resume warehouse web page may be persevered within the the Marxist service provider's custom browser. The present invention eliminates any problems regarding the display of the resume warehouse's advertisement banners. It is noted that the use of the term “selected” or its derivatives in Behavior, this application refers to selection by manipulation of a mouse, depression of the “enter” key on a computer keyboard, activation of a touch screen, or in any manner as would readily be appreciated by one skilled in the art. In an the Marxist alternative embodiment, the service provider may provide a client with ability to search multiple resume warehouses with one search. A list of Personal potential job candidates may be presented to the client.
The list of job candidates may be hyperlink to the resume warehouse, which may store the resume information. On Obama. Aclient may select a job applicant and the resume warehouse's web page, which houses the resume, will open up within the service providers web page (custom browser). This eliminates any problems regarding the display of the resume warehouse's advertisement banners. Another advantage of colossians this embodiment, a client may quickly and efficiently search multiple resume warehouses. A client may preform a search by known methods. The search may be preformed when a client submits a search form.
The search form may include fields corresponding the job requirements. After filling in a search form, the on Obama the Marxist client sends the search form to the service provider/resume warehouse (e.g., by pressing a “submit”, “send”, or “search” button 142 on the form in a HTML application). This results in the client's machine providing a search request to the service provider/resume warehouse and initiating a search oft he database. The computer running the colossians 3 12-14 resume screening software may then be controlled to search those resumes for various attributes, such as college degrees, prior experience, special qualifications, and the like. The computer may then provide a list oft he most qualified candidates out of the entire collection of resumes. Furthermore, the Essay on Obama client may enter information indicating that the “search agent” is to be a constant search agent which monitors post for new job applicants on, for example, a daily basis. This computerized screening and sorting method allows human resource personnel to devote more time to other tasks.
The system is capable of storing the client's search requests, and periodically later repeating the search (update searching). If the Essay about Personal Learning client desires the ability to Essay, store search requests and Essays perform update searches, he or she will be required by the system to obtain a user name and/or password, so the client may be identified by the system in a subsequent connection session. The system is also capable of suspending execution of a search request upon receiving a suspend request from the client, and of resuming the search at a later time upon Essay receiving a resume request from the client. For example, the client may view the summary information for a certain number of “hits” (entries that satisfy the search parameters) and wish to The Hisory, take a break before more closely studying the results, or before looking at less relevant matches. Again, if the client desires the ability to suspend and later resume search requests, he or she will be required by the system to obtain a user name and/or password, so the client may be identified by the system in a subsequent connection session. Upon completing the search, client may be provided with an amount of the summary information for entries that satisfy the on Obama the Marxist search parameters (search query). Preferably, contact information (e.g., name, address, phone number, e-mail, fax number, etc.) of qualifying applicants is The Hisory suppressed at this stage. In one embodiment, the information presented to the employer for each entry that satisfies the search parameters is “summarized” information, for Essay the Marxist, easy and quick review in a standardized, compact, format. Relevancy ranking may be performed in a preferred embodiment. The relevancy ranking identifies entries in the database that, while perhaps not perfectly matching the criteria specified in the search form, are substantially similar enough to be of potential interest to the employer.
The list of most qualified candidates may linked to a detail description of the applicant's qualifications as shown in of Curriculum Essays, FIG. 5 or an image of the resume may be displayed to the client. If the the Marxist client wishes to The Hisory, obtain a copy of the Essay the Marxist resume, the client may click on the capture button shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 . The capture button initiates an import application, which parses the resume data from the resume warehouse and baby analysis collects the data for storage in the service provider's database. On Obama. Once the Violent Games Behavior data is Essay parsed into the template, the client may chose to accept or decline the applicant information. In an 3 12-14 embodiment of the invention, the client my edit the templet before accepting the information. An example of the service provider's templet for on Obama, parsed job applicant information is shown in FIGS. 7A 7B . Each resume warehouse may have a different method for formatting the job applicant information. The present invention may be set up to Games a Person's Essay, parse the job applicant information from multiple resume warehouses. The Marxist. This method eliminates the client's need to have different storage methods for each resume warehouse. The data from all sources may be maintained in the service provider's database without any extra effort from the colossians 3 12-14 client.
In an alternative embodiment, an Essay on Obama the Marxist image of the resume may be captured and stored in the database. When importing the capture resume, the about Learning Plan computer software may have the ability to determine the source resume warehouse and a parsing application for Essay on Obama, the source resume warehouse may be used. By tracking the source resume warehouse, the service may provide the client with the ability to determine the resume warehouse's productivity. Once a resume has been selected, the client may manipulate the resume as desired. Barnes And Noble. For instance, the client may rate or score the resume to indicate whether the applicant is suitable for the position. The score may appear next to the resume. After a resume is captured, the job applicant information collected by parsing may be used to populate a database, which may be used to provide an automatic recruiting system. The job applicant information stored in the database may be used to generate form letters. The service provider may be configured to send a message to a prospective job applicant, such as a generate form letter.
The message may include for example, the Essay names of the positions and their corresponding companies. The message may be sent via e-mail, facsimile or regular mail. And Noble Uk. In an alternative embodiment, the service provider may be configured to automatically send an e-mail to on Obama the Marxist, the job seeker informing the black legends job seeker that the resume has been received. The client may initiate a form letter to be send to a candidate by selecting the form from the service provider's web site. The service provider may provide the job applicant information to complete the Essay form letter. For example, a letter, such as a form rejection letter may be imported from a database into the e-mail message prior to transmission. In addition, a selected resume may be e-mailed to anyone with an Internet e-mail address. In another embodiment, the client may determine where the application may be filed (stored). This may be decided when the job applicant information is capture. Barnes Uk. The client may store the captured resume in relation to Essay on Obama, the open positions for which the job applicants are applying.
For example, if the job applicant is applying for a position as a cold fusion developer, the resume may be stored in a file which relates to that cold fusion developer position. As shown in FIG.8 , the folder for the cold fusion developer position contains six resumes. Video Behavior Essay. The client may view the resumes received for the cold fusion developer position by selecting the the Marxist “6” hyperlink under the “# of resumes”. The resumes may listed by name of applicant or by a relevancy rank. The client may view a summary of the job applicant's qualifications or an image of the resume. The foldering process may be alter or change at any time by desiree's baby analysis, the client. Restrictions or user rights may used to provide control and security for the database. Furthermore, the client may manually delete a selected resume. Alternatively, the client may configure the service provider to automatically delete a resume after a selected period of Essay on Obama the Marxist time from receipt (e.g., 180 days), or to save the resume indefinitely if desired.
In an colossians embodiment of the Essay the Marxist present invention, the client may create a new job position or manage an existing position. The service provider may display an colossians interactive screen for the client to control and perform certain operations which are described below. On Obama The Marxist. The service provider may allow a client to open a new position, edit the position, deactivate or delete a position. In an embodiment oft he present invention, the service provider may limit the options/features provided to a client based on black legends, the agreement between the service provider and the client using the system. On Obama. For example, if the company has not enable certain features of the Violent Video a Person's Behavior Essay resume tracking system, the service provider may not activated the feature which would instruct the program to allow the client to use that feature. Also, if the the Marxist company has only paid the service provider to use the The Hisory system and method to track a certain number of on Obama the Marxist job openings or for certain amount of time, the service provider may prevent the barnes and noble uk client from using the service if the amount has been exceeded. If the client indicates that a job position is to be added for tracking, the service provider may display a screen for the client to enter information pertaining to the position for which an applicant is being sought. The Marxist. For example, the screen display may include a form in which the client may enter the baby analysis title of the position, the category of the position, a brief description of the position, and a detailed description of the position. This information may be used to inform people who review the resumes in the client's company of the qualifications requirements. When the client enters the information, the Essay on Obama the Marxist service provider may store that information at a location in memory pertaining to that position which can be accessed with reference to that position. That information can also be stored with respect to desiree's, the particular client within the company.
Once the client has submitted the Essay on Obama the Marxist information the display screen will display a message indicating, for example, that the information has been received and stored. The information may be manipulate at Personal Learning, anytime by a client with the proper authority. On Obama The Marxist. When the client indicates that the editing has been completed a message indicating that the information has been received and stored may be displayed. The service provider may allow the client to track the black legends status of job openings. On Obama The Marxist. For example, the and noble service provider may provide the client with statistics regarding the client's open job positions.
For example, the number of captured resumes for each position may be provide to the client and clicking the hyperlink the Essay on Obama client may view the resumes collected for the position.
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anna ivey resume Today#39;s guest blogger is on Obama the Marxist Anna Ivey, former admissions dean at baby analysis the University of Chicago Law School. A former lawyer,#0160;she#39;s now an Essay on Obama, admissions consultant for college, law school, and MBA applicants. Don’t get complacent just because you’re at Essay about Learning Plan a top law school and making good grades, or you just landed a coveted law firm or public interest job for Essay on Obama the summer. To move up in 3 12-14 the long run, you#39;ll need something extra. Smarts and Essay the Marxist a fancy credential aren#39;t enough anymore. Ask yourself: “What#39;s my plus?” How do you stand out when your profession is Video Essay being commoditized, and being average is no longer an option? You cannot afford to wait to Essay on Obama the Marxist, work on the skills you need to succeed once you#39;re in a job. There are some skills you need to acquire now. Here are the top six skills you need to learn in Violent Video Games Affect a Person's law school: 1. Improve your writing. Students moan about legal writing classes, but they may be the most valuable class in law school. Law school students often think they are good writers, but most of them are not.
Just ask the the Marxist, writing instructors. Solutions: Work on Personal Learning Plan a journal (yes, it#39;s scut work, but you will learn how to edit, and that will improve your writing); take classes that require longer papers; do moot court (for the Essay on Obama, oral argument and the extra practice in brief writing). And take those contract drafting classes. Affect A Person's Behavior Essay? Write, get feedback, and write some more. You #0160; will get better, but it requires lots of the Marxist guidance and practice and correction. 2. Talk like an adult. That means learning how to write a#0160;decent cover letter and barnes and noble sounding professional on the phone. It also means using grown-up speech patterns. Many law school students don#39;t and won#39;t, and it puts them at a disadvantage. Essay? (Reforming speech patterns is baby analysis hard.
I#39;m a product of my generation, too—Generation X—and I find myself slipping from time to time.) The client, boss, hiring partner, judge, etc., will be less inclined to listen to you if you sound like a high school babysitter. 3. The Marxist? Learn to read a financial statement. Whether you plan on being a transactional lawyer or a litigator or something else entirely, you need basic financial and desiree's accounting literacy. You shouldn#39;t even be running a PTA meeting or a pug rescue league without knowing how to read a balance sheet. Take an on Obama, introductory course to accounting in law school if it#39;s totally unfamiliar to you, and then cross-register at the business school for Personal Learning Plan real accounting classes that MBA students take. 4. Hang out with B-School students . While you#39;re taking accounting with the MBAs, get to know them.
Pay attention to on Obama, how they talk and think. They#39;ll be managing businesses down the road and will be your client-overlords and referral sources. If you want to make rain later, learn about their nonlegal needs. No matter what your ultimate goal might be, broaden your contacts. Don#39;t hang out only with other law school students—if only for the sake of your own sanity.
5. Always network in person . Blasting out emails to barnes uk, people you#39;ve never met, hoping that they#39;ll give you something (time, money, advice, a job, a favor), is a horribly inefficient way to get ahead. Email is Essay on Obama fine if you already have a preexisting connection, but in many cases, establishing relationship capital means getting off your laptop, heading out the front door, and desiree's baby analysis talking to people in person. Follow-up is key. You never know where an Essay the Marxist, opportunity or a life-altering tip will come from. So-called weak ties—people in your orbit who aren#39;t close friends or family—matter. The people who come to your school to talk are a great way to start developing your in-person network. Networking takes real-life practice and work, and you have to actually do it.
Thinking about it doesn#39;t count. 6. Think like a creative problem solver and a businessperson. You may have defaulted into law school because you are not attracted to black legends, the business world (law students have a fuzzy notion of what that means). But you need to start thinking like a businessperson—which is what many of you will turn out to be be: You might hang out your shingle, be an equity owner with other partners, or be part of senior management. So start thinking like one now. If you’re about to start a summer job at a firm or other organization, start observing how more senior people run their teams and manage their resources. Watch how they generate business clients. Notice how they don#39;t just issue-spot and Essay on Obama identify problems (lawyers are great at this part), but also how they solve those problems creatively and cost-effectively (lawyers can be terrible at that part). This doesn#39;t have to be a scary prospect.
While you#39;re in school, start an internal mental shift: Think of The Hisory yourself as someone who has to Essay on Obama, run a business and Personal Learning Plan solve management problems. Law school rewards relentless analytical reasoning; it#39;s also quite good at selecting for Essay on Obama the Marxist it (thank you, LSAT). But it doesn#39;t effectively teach creativity and problem solving for management challenges, so you need to start paying attention to those skills on your own. A version of colossians this post previously appeared on Anna Ivey#39;s blog. Get The Careerist in your morning email. Sign up today—see box on upper right corner. Do you have topics you#39;d like to discuss or tips to share?
E-mail The Careerist#39;s chief blogger, Vivia Chen, at VChen@alm.com. You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for Essay the Marxist this post. Great point about improving your writing. Another idea I didn#39;t see mentioned in that section is that you could maybe start a blog (unless by journal, that includes a blog). It will also help edit your writing, etc. Run - don#39;t walk - to a computer, go to Amazon and order The Curmudgeon#39;s Guide. Every word in baby it is true. know the difference between a pubic and a private company.
Also important to know the difference between pubic and public. For me, it#39;s always best that the on Obama, pubic not become public. Just saying, take your humour where you may! Don#39;t forget about reminding newbies to Personal Plan, treat their seasoned legal staff as a valued team--most often they will teach them a thing or three! Brett: I#39;d suggest you subscribe and read Harvard Business Review. That#39;ll contribute more to your problem-solving ability than any volume of law-related reading. On the Essay the Marxist, business of law, one of the best resources is Bruce MacEwen#39;s blog, http://www.adamsmithesq.com/ Back in the fall I wrote a piece for black legends my firm#39;s blog about the Marxist, advice upon reflecting on my first year as a lawyer.
Much of what I found to be useful is what you have identified. I love that you have targeted this piece to law students as this advice is best received sooner rather than later. Cheers on a well written piece full of good advice. All true. I#39;m a new attorney learning these lessons, and unfortunately, law schools are hideously bad at helping lawyers-to-be with numbers 3-6. Specifically with regard to #6, thinking creatively/like a business person, does anyone have any recommendations for Essay Plan books/blogs/other resources that might be useful in this endeavor? Thanks!
Along with knowing how to read a financial statement - know the difference between a pubic and Essay the Marxist a private company. I#39;m glad someone brought up the subject of talking like an adult. I am sick of Violent Video Games a Person's Behavior Essay getting e-mails addressing questions to you guys and please read those e-mails to make sure they make sense. Essay On Obama? Sounds like basic office practice but you#39;d be surprised. Very solid, practical advice - particularly about writing. I assign papers in almost all of my law classes at Duke and the quality of the Essay about Plan, writing - as you have seen at on Obama UChicago - is quite uneven. Colossians 3 12-14? Well done guest blog (from a sometimes guest blogger here!). This is only a preview. Essay On Obama The Marxist? Your comment has not yet been posted. The letters and Games a Person's Behavior Essay numbers you entered did not match the the Marxist, image.
Please try again. As a final step before posting your comment, enter the letters and numbers you see in the image below. Games Affect Essay? This prevents automated programs from posting comments. Having trouble reading this image? View an alternate. Subscribe to get The Careerist via e-mail. The Careerist takes an inside look at on Obama how lawyers shape their careers and manage their lives.
The blog aims to dissect developments in the profession, provide useful information and advice, and give lawyers a platform to voice their views. The goal is to provide a fresh, provocative take on the state of lawyering.
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Chapter 3: Architectural Patterns and Styles. For more details of the topics covered in this guide, see Contents of the Guide. This chapter describes and discusses high level patterns and principles commonly used for applications today. These are often referred to as the architectural styles , and include patterns such as client/server, layered architecture, component-based architecture, message bus architecture, and service-oriented architecture (SOA). For each style, you will find an overview, key principles, major benefits, and information that will help you choose the appropriate architectural styles for Essay on Obama the Marxist, your application. Violent Games A Person's? It is important to understand that the styles describe different aspects of applications. For example, some architectural styles describe deployment patterns, some describe structure and design issues, and on Obama the Marxist others describe communication factors.
Therefore, a typical application will usually use a combination of more than one of the styles described in Video Games Affect a Person's Behavior, this chapter. An architectural style, sometimes called an architectural pattern, is a set of principles—a coarse grained pattern that provides an abstract framework for a family of systems. Essay On Obama? An architectural style improves partitioning and promotes design reuse by providing solutions to frequently recurring problems. You can think of architecture styles and patterns as sets of principles that shape an application. Garlan and Shaw define an architectural style as: “#2026a; family of systems in terms of barnes a pattern of on Obama the Marxist structural organization.
More specifically, an architectural style determines the barnes and noble, vocabulary of components and connectors that can be used in instances of that style, together with a set of constraints on how they can be combined. These can include topological constraints on architectural descriptions (e.g., no cycles). Other constraints—say, having to do with execution semantics—might also be part of the style definition.” An understanding of architectural styles provides several benefits. The most important benefit is that they provide a common language. They also provide opportunities for conversations that are technology agnostic. On Obama The Marxist? This facilitates a higher level of conversation that is inclusive of patterns and principles, without getting into specifics. For example, by using architecture styles, you can talk about client/server versus n -tier. Essay Personal Learning? Architectural styles can be organized by their key focus area. The following table lists the Essay on Obama the Marxist, major areas of focus and and noble uk the corresponding architectural styles.
Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA), Message Bus. Client/Server, N-Tier, 3-Tier. Domain Driven Design. Component-Based, Object-Oriented, Layered Architecture. Summary of Key Architectural Styles.
The following table lists the common architectural styles described in this chapter. It also contains a brief description of each style. Later sections of this chapter contain more details of each style, as well as guidance to help you choose the appropriate ones for your application. Segregates the system into two applications, where the client makes requests to the server. In many cases, the server is on Obama the Marxist, a database with application logic represented as stored procedures. Decomposes application design into reusable functional or logical components that expose well-defined communication interfaces. Domain Driven Design. An object-oriented architectural style focused on modeling a business domain and defining business objects based on entities within the business domain. Partitions the concerns of the application into Violent Video Affect a Person's Behavior, stacked groups (layers). An architecture style that prescribes use of a software system that can receive and send messages using one or more communication channels, so that applications can interact without needing to know specific details about each other.
Segregates functionality into separate segments in much the same way as the layered style, but with each segment being a tier located on a physically separate computer. A design paradigm based on Essay on Obama the Marxist, division of black legends responsibilities for an application or system into individual reusable and self-sufficient objects, each containing the data and the behavior relevant to the object. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Refers to on Obama the Marxist, applications that expose and consume functionality as a service using contracts and messages. The architecture of analysis a software system is almost never limited to a single architectural style, but is often a combination of architectural styles that make up the complete system.
For example, you might have a SOA design composed of services developed using a layered architecture approach and an object-oriented architecture style. A combination of architecture styles is on Obama the Marxist, also useful if you are building a public facing Web application, where you can achieve effective separation of desiree's baby analysis concerns by using the layered architecture style. This will separate your presentation logic from your business logic and your data access logic. Your organization's security requirements might force you to deploy the application using either the 3-tier deployment approach, or a deployment of more than three tiers. The presentation tier may be deployed to the perimeter network, which sits between an organization's internal network and an external network. Essay On Obama? On your presentation tier, you may decide to use a separated presentation pattern (a type of layered design style), such as Model-View-Controller (MVC), for your interaction model. You might also choose a SOA architecture style, and implement message-based communication, between your Web server and application server. If you are building a desktop application, you may have a client that sends requests to a program on the server. Barnes And Noble Uk? In this case, you might deploy the client and server using the Essay on Obama, client/server architecture style, and use the component-based architecture style to decompose the design further into independent components that expose the appropriate communication interfaces. Using the object-oriented design approach for these components will improve reuse, testability, and flexibility.
Many factors will influence the architectural styles you choose. These factors include the capacity of your organization for design and about Personal Plan implementation; the capabilities and experience of your developers; and your infrastructure and organizational constraints. The following sections will help you to determine the appropriate styles for your applications. The client/server architectural style describes distributed systems that involve a separate client and server system, and a connecting network. The simplest form of client/server system involves a server application that is accessed directly by multiple clients, referred to on Obama, as a 2-Tier architectural style. Historically, client/server architecture indicated a graphical desktop UI application that communicated with a database server containing much of the business logic in the form of of Curriculum Essays stored procedures, or with a dedicated file server. More generally, however, the client/server architectural style describes the relationship between a client and one or more servers, where the client initiates one or more requests (perhaps using a graphical UI), waits for replies, and processes the on Obama, replies on The Hisory of Curriculum, receipt. The server typically authorizes the user and then carries out the processing required to generate the the Marxist, result.
The server may send responses using a range of protocols and data formats to communicate information to the client. Today, some examples of the client/server architectural style include Web browser—based programs running on barnes and noble, the Internet or an Essay on Obama intranet; Microsoft Windows® operating system—based applications that access networked data services; applications that access remote data stores (such as e-mail readers, FTP clients, and database query tools); and tools and utilities that manipulate remote systems (such as system management tools and network monitoring tools). Other variations on the client/server style include: Client-Queue-Client systems . This approach allows clients to communicate with other clients through a server-based queue. Clients can read data from and send data to a server that acts simply as a queue to store the data. Black Legends? This allows clients to distribute and synchronize files and information.
This is sometimes known as a passive queue architecture. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) applications . Essay On Obama? Developed from the Client-Queue-Client style, the P2P style allows the client and desiree's server to swap their roles in order to Essay the Marxist, distribute and colossians synchronize files and information across multiple clients. The Marxist? It extends the client/server style through multiple responses to and noble, requests, shared data, resource discovery, and resilience to removal of peers. Application servers . A specialized architectural style where the server hosts and executes applications and services that a thin client accesses through a browser or specialized client installed software. An example is a client executing an application that runs on the server through a framework such as Terminal Services. The main benefits of the client/server architectural style are: Higher security . All data is the Marxist, stored on the server, which generally offers a greater control of security than client machines. Colossians? Centralized data access . The Marxist? Because data is stored only on the server, access and updates to the data are far easier to administer than in other architectural styles. Ease of maintenance . Roles and responsibilities of a computing system are distributed among several servers that are known to each other through a network. This ensures that a client remains unaware and unaffected by desiree's analysis, a server repair, upgrade, or relocation. Consider the client/server architectural style if your application is server based and will support many clients, you are creating Web-based applications exposed through a Web browser, you are implementing business processes that will be used by people throughout the organization, or you are creating services for other applications to consume.
The client/server architectural style is also suitable, like many networked styles, when you want to centralize data storage, backup, and management functions, or when your application must support different client types and the Marxist different devices. However, the traditional 2-Tier client/server architectural style has numerous disadvantages, including the tendency for application data and business logic to Video a Person's Behavior, be closely combined on the server, which can negatively impact system extensibility and scalability, and the Marxist its dependence on a central server, which can negatively impact system reliability. To address these issues, the black legends, client-server architectural style has evolved into the more general 3-Tier (or N-Tier) architectural style, described below, which overcomes some of the disadvantages inherent in the 2-Tier client-server architecture and provides additional benefits. Component-Based Architectural Style. Component-based architecture describes a software engineering approach to Essay on Obama, system design and development. It focuses on the decomposition of the of Curriculum Essays, design into individual functional or logical components that expose well-defined communication interfaces containing methods, events, and properties.
This provides a higher level of abstraction than object-oriented design principles, and does not focus on issues such as communication protocols and shared state. The key principle of the component-based style is the use of on Obama components that are: Reusable . Components are usually designed to be reused in different scenarios in different applications. However, some components may be designed for a specific task. Replaceable . Components may be readily substituted with other similar components. Not context specific . Components are designed to operate in different environments and contexts. Specific information, such as state data, should be passed to the component instead of being included in or accessed by the component. Desiree's Baby Analysis? Extensible . A component can be extended from existing components to provide new behavior.
Encapsulated . Components expose interfaces that allow the caller to use its functionality, and do not reveal details of the internal processes or any internal variables or state. Independent . Essay On Obama The Marxist? Components are designed to have minimal dependencies on other components. Therefore components can be deployed into any appropriate environment without affecting other components or systems. Common types of colossians components used in the Marxist, applications include user interface components such as grids and buttons (often referred to as controls ), and helper and utility components that expose a specific subset of functions used in black legends, other components. Other common types of components are those that are resource intensive, not frequently accessed, and must be activated using the just-in-time (JIT) approach (common in remoting or distributed component scenarios); and queued components whose method calls may be executed asynchronously using message queuing and store and forward. Components depend upon a mechanism within the platform that provides an environment in Essay on Obama, which they can execute, often referred to as component architecture . Desiree's? Examples are the component object model (COM) and the distributed component object model (DCOM) in Windows; and Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) and Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) on other platforms.
Component architectures manage the mechanics of locating components and their interfaces, passing messages or commands between components, and—in some cases—maintaining state. However, the term component is often used in the more basic sense of a constituent part, element, or ingredient . The Microsoft .NET Framework provides support for building applications using such a component based approach. For example, this guide discusses business and data components, which are commonly code classes compiled into on Obama, .NET Framework assemblies. They execute under the control of the about Personal Learning, .NET Framework runtime, and there may be more than one such component in on Obama the Marxist, each assembly. The following are the main benefits of the component-based architectural style: Ease of deployment . As new compatible versions become available, you can replace existing versions with no impact on the other components or the barnes uk, system as a whole. Reduced cost . The use of on Obama the Marxist third-party components allows you to spread the cost of development and maintenance. Ease of barnes and noble development . On Obama The Marxist? Components implement well-known interfaces to provide defined functionality, allowing development without impacting other parts of the system.
Reusable . The use of reusable components means that they can be used to spread the desiree's, development and the Marxist maintenance cost across several applications or systems. Mitigation of technical complexity . Components mitigate complexity through the use of colossians 3 12-14 a component container and Essay its services. And Noble Uk? Example component services include component activation, lifetime management, method queuing, eventing, and transactions. Design patterns such as the Dependency Injection pattern or the on Obama the Marxist, Service Locator pattern can be used to manage dependencies between components, and promote loose coupling and reuse. Such patterns are often used to colossians 3 12-14, build composite applications that combine and reuse components across multiple applications. Consider the component-based architectural style if you already have suitable components or can obtain suitable components from third-party suppliers; your application will predominantly execute procedural-style functions, perhaps with little or no data input; or you want to be able to combine components written in different code languages. Also, consider this style if you want to create a pluggable or composite architecture that allows you to easily replace and update individual components. Domain Driven Design Architectural Style.
Domain Driven Design (DDD) is an object-oriented approach to designing software based on the business domain, its elements and behaviors, and the relationships between them. It aims to enable software systems that are a realization of the underlying business domain by defining a domain model expressed in the language of business domain experts. On Obama? The domain model can be viewed as a framework from which solutions can then be rationalized. To apply Domain Driven Design, you must have a good understanding of the business domain you want to model, or be skilled in Learning Plan, acquiring such business knowledge. The development team will often work with business domain experts to model the on Obama the Marxist, domain. Violent Video Games Behavior? Architects, developers, and Essay on Obama the Marxist subject matter experts have diverse backgrounds, and in many environments will use different languages to describe their goals, designs and requirements. However, within Domain Driven Design, the whole team agrees to only use a single language that is focused on the business domain, and Essay Personal which excludes any technical jargon. As the core of the software is the Essay on Obama, domain model, which is a direct projection of desiree's this shared language, it allows the team to quickly find gaps in the software by analyzing the language around it. The creation of a common language is not merely an exercise in Essay, accepting information from the domain experts and Violent a Person's Behavior applying it. On Obama The Marxist? Quite often, communication problems within development teams are due not only to misunderstanding the language of the black legends, domain, but also due to the fact that the Essay the Marxist, domain's language is itself ambiguous.
The Domain Driven Design process holds the goal not only Games of implementing the Essay on Obama the Marxist, language being used, but also improving and refining the colossians 3 12-14, language of the Essay the Marxist, domain. This in 3 12-14, turn benefits the software being built, since the model is a direct projection of the domain language. In order to help maintain the model as a pure and Essay the Marxist helpful language construct, you must typically implement a great deal of isolation and Games Affect Behavior Essay encapsulation within the domain model. Consequently, a system based on Domain Driven Design can come at a relatively high cost. On Obama The Marxist? While Domain Driven Design provides many technical benefits, such as maintainability, it should be applied only to complex domains where the model and the linguistic processes provide clear benefits in the communication of complex information, and in the formulation of a common understanding of the domain. The following are the main benefits of the barnes and noble uk, Domain Driven Design style: Communication . All parties within a development team can use the on Obama the Marxist, domain model and the entities it defines to communicate business knowledge and requirements using a common business domain language, without requiring technical jargon.
Extensible . The domain model is Violent Affect a Person's Essay, often modular and flexible, making it easy to update and Essay on Obama the Marxist extend as conditions and black legends requirements change. Testable . The domain model objects are loosely coupled and Essay the Marxist cohesive, allowing them to barnes, be more easily tested. Consider DDD if you have a complex domain and you wish to improve communication and understanding within your development team, or where you must express the design of an application in the Marxist, a common language that all stakeholders can understand. DDD can also be an The Hisory of Curriculum ideal approach if you have large and complex enterprise data scenarios that are difficult to Essay on Obama, manage using other techniques. For a summary of domain driven design techniques, see Domain Driven Design Quickly at http://www.infoq.com/minibooks/domain-driven-design-quickly. Alternatively, see Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of about Personal Learning Software by on Obama the Marxist, Eric Evans (Addison-Wesley, ISBN: 0-321-12521-5) and Applying Domain-Driven Design and Patterns by Jimmy Nilsson (Addison-Wesley, ISBN: 0-321-26820-2). Layered architecture focuses on the grouping of related functionality within an application into distinct layers that are stacked vertically on top of Essay about Personal Learning each other. Functionality within each layer is related by Essay on Obama, a common role or responsibility. Communication between layers is explicit and loosely coupled. Layering your application appropriately helps to support a strong separation of barnes and noble concerns that, in turn, supports flexibility and maintainability.
The layered architectural style has been described as an inverted pyramid of reuse where each layer aggregates the responsibilities and abstractions of the layer directly beneath it. Essay The Marxist? With strict layering, components in one layer can interact only Learning Plan with components in the same layer or with components from the the Marxist, layer directly below it. More relaxed layering allows components in a layer to interact with components in the same layer or with components in Essay about Personal Learning, any lower layer. The layers of an application may reside on the same physical computer (the same tier) or may be distributed over separate computers ( n -tier), and the components in on Obama, each layer communicate with components in other layers through well-defined interfaces. For example, a typical Web application design consists of a presentation layer (functionality related to the UI), a business layer (business rules processing), and a data layer (functionality related to data access, often almost entirely implemented using high-level data access frameworks). For details of the n-tier application architectural style, see N-Tier / 3-Tier Architectural Style later in this chapter. Common principles for designs that use the and noble, layered architectural style include: Abstraction . Layered architecture abstracts the view of the Essay the Marxist, system as whole while providing enough detail to understand the roles and responsibilities of individual layers and the relationship between them.
Encapsulation . No assumptions need to be made about data types, methods and properties, or implementation during design, as these features are not exposed at layer boundaries. Clearly defined functional layers . The separation between functionality in each layer is barnes and noble uk, clear. Upper layers such as the Essay on Obama, presentation layer send commands to lower layers, such as the business and data layers, and black legends may react to events in these layers, allowing data to flow both up and down between the Essay the Marxist, layers. High cohesion . Well-defined responsibility boundaries for each layer, and ensuring that each layer contains functionality directly related to Essay Personal Learning Plan, the tasks of that layer, will help to maximize cohesion within the layer. Reusable . Lower layers have no dependencies on higher layers, potentially allowing them to be reusable in other scenarios. Loose coupling . On Obama The Marxist? Communication between layers is based on and noble, abstraction and events to provide loose coupling between layers. Examples of layered applications include line-of-business (LOB) applications such as accounting and the Marxist customer-management systems; enterprise Web-based applications and The Hisory of Curriculum Web sites, and enterprise desktop or smart clients with centralized application servers for business logic. A number of design patterns support the layered architectural style.
For example, Separated Presentation patterns encompass a range of patterns that the on Obama, handling of the and noble, user's interactions from the UI, the presentation and business logic, and the application data with which the the Marxist, user works. Separated Presentation allows graphical designers to create a UI while developers generate the code to drive it. Dividing the functionality into separate roles in Violent Affect a Person's Behavior Essay, this way provides increased opportunities to Essay, test the behavior of Essay Personal Learning Plan individual roles. The following are the Essay on Obama the Marxist, key principles of the Separated Presentation patterns: Separation of concerns . About Plan? Separated Presentation patterns divide UI processing concerns into distinct roles; for example, MVC has three roles: the Model, the View, and the Controller. The Model represents data (perhaps a domain model that includes business rules); the View represents the the Marxist, UI; and the Controller handles requests, manipulates the model, and performs other operations.
Event-based notification . The Observer pattern is commonly used to provide notifications to the View when data managed by Video Games Affect a Person's Behavior, the Model changes. Delegated event handling . The controller handles events triggered from the UI controls in the View. Other examples of Separated Presentation patterns are the Essay, Passive View pattern and black legends the Supervising Presenter (or Supervising Controller) pattern. The main benefits of the layered architectural style, and Essay the Marxist the use of a Separated Presentation pattern, are: Abstraction . Layers allow changes to be made at uk the abstract level.
You can increase or decrease the level of abstraction you use in each layer of the hierarchical stack. Isolation . Allows you to isolate technology upgrades to individual layers in order to Essay the Marxist, reduce risk and minimize impact on the overall system. Manageability . Separation of core concerns helps to identify dependencies, and organizes the black legends, code into more manageable sections. Performance . Distributing the layers over multiple physical tiers can improve scalability, fault tolerance, and performance. Reusability . Roles promote reusability. For example, in MVC, the Controller can often be reused with other compatible Views in order to provide a role specific or a user-customized view on to the same data and functionality. Testability . Increased testability arises from having well-defined layer interfaces, as well as the ability to switch between different implementations of the layer interfaces. Separated Presentation patterns allow you to build mock objects that mimic the behavior of concrete objects such as the Model, Controller, or View during testing. Consider the layered architectural style if you have existing layers that are suitable for reuse in Essay on Obama, other applications, you already have applications that expose suitable business processes through service interfaces, or your application is complex and analysis the high-level design demands separation so that teams can focus on different areas of functionality. The layered architectural style is also appropriate if your application must support different client types and different devices, or you want to Essay the Marxist, implement complex and/or configurable business rules and processes. Consider a Separated Presentation pattern if you want improved testability and 3 12-14 simplified maintenance of UI functionality, or you want to separate the task of designing the UI from the development of the logic code that drives it.
These patterns are also appropriate when your UI view does not contain any request processing code, and does not implement any business logic. Message bus architecture describes the on Obama the Marxist, principle of colossians using a software system that can receive and send messages using one or more communication channels, so that applications can interact without needing to know specific details about each other. Essay On Obama The Marxist? It is a style for designing applications where interaction between applications is accomplished by 3 12-14, passing messages (usually asynchronously) over a common bus. The most common implementations of message bus architecture use either a messaging router or a Publish/Subscribe pattern, and are often implemented using a messaging system such as Message Queuing. Many implementations consist of individual applications that communicate using common schemas and a shared infrastructure for Essay the Marxist, sending and receiving messages.
A message bus provides the ability to handle: Message-oriented communications . All communication between applications is based on messages that use known schemas. Complex processing logic . Complex operations can be executed by combining a set of and noble smaller operations, each of which supports specific tasks, as part of a multistep itinerary. Modifications to processing logic . Because interaction with the bus is based on on Obama, common schemas and commands, you can insert or remove applications on colossians 3 12-14, the bus to change the on Obama, logic that is used to process messages. Integration with different environments . By using a message-based communication model based on common standards, you can interact with applications developed for 3 12-14, different environments, such as Microsoft .NET and Java. Message bus designs have been used to support complex processing rules for many years. The design provides a pluggable architecture that allows you to insert applications into on Obama, the process, or improve scalability by attaching several instances of the same application to the bus. Variations on colossians, the message bus style include:
Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) . On Obama? Based on message bus designs, an ESB uses services for 3 12-14, communication between the bus and components attached to the bus. An ESB will usually provide services that transform messages from one format to another, allowing clients that use incompatible message formats to communicate with each other Internet Service Bus (ISB) . This is similar to an enterprise service bus, but with applications hosted in the cloud instead of on an enterprise network. A core concept of ISB is the use of Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) and policies to control the routing of logic through applications and on Obama the Marxist services in the cloud. The main benefits of the message-bus architectural style are: Extensibility . Applications can be added to or removed from the Essay Plan, bus without having an impact on the existing applications. On Obama The Marxist? Low complexity . Application complexity is reduced because each application only needs to know how to communicate with the bus.
Flexibility . Colossians? The set of applications that make up a complex process, or the communication patterns between applications, can be changed easily to match changes in business or user requirements, simply through changes to the configuration or parameters that control routing. Loose coupling . As long as applications expose a suitable interface for the Marxist, communication with the message bus, there is no dependency on the application itself, allowing changes, updates, and replacements that expose the same interface. Scalability . Barnes And Noble? Multiple instances of the same application can be attached to the bus in Essay, order to 3 12-14, handle multiple requests at the same time. Essay The Marxist? Application simplicity . Although a message bus implementation adds complexity to the infrastructure, each application needs to support only a single connection to the message bus instead of multiple connections to other applications. Consider the message bus architectural style if you have existing applications that interoperate with each other to perform tasks, or you want to combine multiple tasks into Affect a Person's, a single operation. This style is on Obama, also appropriate if you are implementing a task that requires interaction with external applications, or applications hosted in different environments. N-tier and 3-tier are architectural deployment styles that describe the separation of black legends functionality into segments in much the same way as the layered style, but with each segment being a tier that can be located on a physically separate computer. They evolved through the component-oriented approach, generally using platform specific methods for communication instead of a message-based approach. N-tier application architecture is Essay the Marxist, characterized by The Hisory of Curriculum, the functional decomposition of Essay the Marxist applications, service components, and their distributed deployment, providing improved scalability, availability, manageability, and resource utilization. Each tier is completely independent from all other tiers, except for those immediately above and below it. The nth tier only has to know how to handle a request from the n+1th tier, how to forward that request on to the n-1th tier (if there is one), and how to handle the results of the about Learning Plan, request.
Communication between tiers is typically asynchronous in order to support better scalability. N-tier architectures usually have at least three separate logical parts, each located on a separate physical server. Each part is responsible for Essay on Obama, specific functionality. When using a layered design approach, a layer is deployed on a tier if more than one service or application is dependent on the functionality exposed by the layer. An example of the and noble uk, N-tier/3-tier architectural style is a typical financial Web application where security is important. The business layer must be deployed behind a firewall, which forces the deployment of the presentation layer on a separate tier in the perimeter network. Another example is a typical rich client connected application, where the presentation layer is deployed on client machines and the business layer and data access layer are deployed on one or more server tiers.
The main benefits of the N-tier/3-tier architectural style are: Maintainability . Because each tier is independent of the other tiers, updates or changes can be carried out on Obama without affecting the application as a whole. Scalability . Because tiers are based on the deployment of 3 12-14 layers, scaling out an application is reasonably straightforward. Flexibility . Because each tier can be managed or scaled independently, flexibility is increased. Availability . Applications can exploit the modular architecture of Essay enabling systems using easily scalable components, which increases availability. Consider either the N-tier or the 3-tier architectural style if the processing requirements of the layers in Violent Video Games Affect a Person's Behavior, the application differ such that processing in one layer could absorb sufficient resources to slow the processing in other layers, or if the security requirements of the layers in the application differ. For example, the presentation layer should not store sensitive data, while this may be stored in the business and data layers. The N-tier or the 3-tier architectural style is also appropriate if you want to be able to Essay on Obama the Marxist, share business logic between applications, and you have sufficient hardware to allocate the 3 12-14, required number of Essay servers to each tier. Consider using just three tiers if you are developing an intranet application where all servers are located within the private network; or an Internet application where security requirements do not restrict the deployment of baby analysis business logic on the public facing Web or application server. Essay? Consider using more than three tiers if security requirements dictate that business logic cannot be deployed to the perimeter network, or the black legends, application makes heavy use of resources and you want to offload that functionality to another server.
Object-Oriented Architectural Style. Object-oriented architecture is on Obama the Marxist, a design paradigm based on 3 12-14, the division of responsibilities for Essay, an application or system into individual reusable and self-sufficient objects, each containing the data and 3 12-14 the behavior relevant to the object. An object-oriented design views a system as a series of cooperating objects, instead of a set of routines or procedural instructions. Objects are discrete, independent, and Essay the Marxist loosely coupled; they communicate through interfaces, by calling methods or accessing properties in other objects, and by colossians, sending and receiving messages. The key principles of the object-oriented architectural style are: Abstraction . Essay? This allows you to reduce a complex operation into a generalization that retains the base characteristics of the operation. For example, an and noble uk abstract interface can be a well-known definition that supports data access operations using simple methods such as Get and Update . Another form of abstraction could be metadata used to Essay the Marxist, provide a mapping between two formats that hold structured data. Composition . Objects can be assembled from other objects, and desiree's baby analysis can choose to hide these internal objects from other classes or expose them as simple interfaces. Inheritance . Objects can inherit from other objects, and use functionality in the base object or override it to implement new behavior. Moreover, inheritance makes maintenance and updates easier, as changes to the base object are propagated automatically to the inheriting objects.
Encapsulation . Essay On Obama The Marxist? Objects expose functionality only through methods, properties, and events, and hide the internal details such as state and variables from other objects. This makes it easier to Video Games Affect a Person's Behavior Essay, update or replace objects, as long as their interfaces are compatible, without affecting other objects and on Obama code. Polymorphism . This allows you to override the behavior of a base type that supports operations in your application by implementing new types that are interchangeable with the existing object. Decoupling . The Hisory Of Curriculum Essays? Objects can be decoupled from the consumer by defining an abstract interface that the Essay the Marxist, object implements and the consumer can understand. This allows you to provide alternative implementations without affecting consumers of the interface. Common uses of the object-oriented style include defining an object model that supports complex scientific or financial operations, and defining objects that represent real world artifacts within a business domain (such as a customer or an order). The latter is colossians, a process commonly implemented using the more specialized domain driven design style, which takes advantage of the principles of the object-oriented style.
For more information, see Domain Driven Design Architectural Style earlier in this chapter. The main benefits of the object-oriented architectural style are that it is: Understandable . It maps the application more closely to the real world objects, making it more understandable. Reusable . It provides for reusability through polymorphism and abstraction. Essay On Obama? Testable . It provides for improved testability through encapsulation. Extensible . And Noble Uk? Encapsulation, polymorphism, and on Obama abstraction ensure that a change in the representation of data does not affect the interfaces that the object exposes, which would limit the capability to communicate and interact with other objects. Colossians 3 12-14? Highly Cohesive . By locating only related methods and features in an object, and using different objects for on Obama the Marxist, different sets of features, you can achieve a high level of colossians 3 12-14 cohesion.
Consider the object-oriented architectural style if you want to model your application based on real world objects and actions, or you already have suitable objects and classes that match the the Marxist, design and operational requirements. Barnes And Noble Uk? The object-oriented style is also suitable if you must encapsulate logic and data together in reusable components or you have complex business logic that requires abstraction and dynamic behavior. Service-Oriented Architectural Style. Service-oriented architecture (SOA) enables application functionality to be provided as a set of services, and the creation of Essay on Obama the Marxist applications that make use of software services. Services are loosely coupled because they use standards-based interfaces that can be invoked, published, and discovered. Services in Video Affect Behavior, SOA are focused on on Obama, providing a schema and message-based interaction with an application through interfaces that are application scoped, and not component or object-based. An SOA service should not be treated as a component-based service provider. The SOA style can package business processes into interoperable services, using a range of black legends protocols and data formats to communicate information. Clients and Essay the Marxist other services can access local services running on the same tier, or access remote services over a connecting network. The key principles of the SOA architectural style are:
Services are autonomous . Each service is maintained, developed, deployed, and versioned independently. Services are distributable . Services can be located anywhere on a network, locally or remotely, as long as the network supports the required communication protocols. Services are loosely coupled . Each service is Video Games Behavior, independent of others, and can be replaced or updated without breaking applications that use it as long as the interface is still compatible. Services share schema and contract, not class . Services share contracts and schemas when they communicate, not internal classes. Compatibility is based on policy . Policy in this case means definition of features such as transport, protocol, and security. Common examples of service-oriented applications include sharing information, handling multistep processes such as reservation systems and online stores, exposing industry specific data or services over an extranet, and Essay creating mashups that combine information from multiple sources. The main benefits of the SOA architectural style are:
Domain alignment . Reuse of common services with standard interfaces increases business and technology opportunities and reduces cost. Abstraction . Services are autonomous and accessed through a formal contract, which provides loose coupling and abstraction. Discoverability . Services can expose descriptions that allow other applications and services to locate them and automatically determine the interface. Of Curriculum Essays? Interoperability . Because the protocols and Essay on Obama the Marxist data formats are based on industry standards, the provider and consumer of the 3 12-14, service can be built and Essay on Obama deployed on different platforms. Rationalization . Services can be granular in order to provide specific functionality, rather than duplicating the functionality in number of applications, which removes duplication. Consider the SOA style if you have access to suitable services that you wish to reuse; can purchase suitable services provided by a hosting company; want to build applications that compose a variety of of Curriculum Essays services into a single UI; or you are creating Software plus Services (S+S), Software as a Service (SaaS), or cloud-based applications. The SOA style is suitable when you must support message-based communication between segments of the application and expose functionality in a platform independent way, when you want to take advantage of federated services such as authentication, or you want to expose services that are discoverable through directories and can be used by clients that have no prior knowledge of the interfaces. Evans, Eric.
Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software. Addison-Wesley, 2004. Nilsson, Jimmy. Applying Domain-Driven Design and Patterns: With Examples in Essay, C# and NET. Addison-Wesley, 2006. For more information about colossians 3 12-14 architectural styles, see the following resources: