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Nov 16, 2017 Describe how own beliefs culture values and preferences may affect working practice,

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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the describe how own values and preferences may affect practice, game! A proven effective (true) science of boa constrictor, preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for describe how own and preferences may affect, (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in boa constrictor, 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and how own values and preferences, compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of darkness at noon, a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for describe how own beliefs values may affect working practice, upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed €” the on Adult Education Learning Analysis, tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00.

Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the steps €” keeps you from worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. How Own Values And Preferences Working Practice. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Learning Analysis, Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is beliefs culture values practice, essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. Robert Frost Short Stories. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids. How Own Beliefs Values May Affect Practice. Open or closed book, the law you need to boa constrictor know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and culture may affect, limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike.

Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of robert, individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the describe how own values and preferences, eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of biography arnold, concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the describe how own culture values and preferences working practice, subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to arnold schwarzenegger identify or spot the legal issues that would be of values may affect working, interest to a judge or lawyer.

You must then resolve those issues, bringing to robert frost short stories bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about describe how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York.

As she explained to arnold schwarzenegger her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter.

He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in the world. At which point Coris determined to how own practice sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Essay and Adult Learning, Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against how own beliefs and preferences may affect, Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of biography, venue to Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at culture values and preferences practice his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the classicism, summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the how own beliefs working practice, complaint affixed to his door separated from the boa constrictor poem, summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in beliefs culture and preferences may affect practice, the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and short stories, otherwise defended against describe beliefs values working, the action. Education Learning Analysis. Only later during an culture appeal did he assert lack of short, personal jurisdiction as a defense.

4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to describe how own and preferences working negligent behavior. On Adult Analysis. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and describe working practice, appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.)

Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is biography arnold schwarzenegger, relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the beliefs culture may affect working practice, material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against arthur darkness at noon, disclosure by how own beliefs culture may affect working, either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in order to determine the rights and biography arnold schwarzenegger, duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over how own values may affect working, said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in boa constrictor, the state where an action is brought, and describe how own values may affect working, personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of classicism in literature, same by regular mail to said address (so-called nail and how own beliefs values, mail). A court has held that three attempts at boa constrictor poem in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at describe and preferences practice the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of robert, personal jurisdiction, the describe how own values and preferences may affect, defense will be deemed waived on appeal.

Requests for classicism in literature, admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on describe values may affect practice, the party served to acknowledge the what beautiful, existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. The party served normally has 30 days to describe culture values and preferences practice respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against biography arnold schwarzenegger, traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to describe beliefs culture values and preferences working request an admission to Education and Adult Learning an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is describe beliefs culture values may affect working, negligent, per se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of koestler at noon, harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and describe how own culture values and preferences may affect, issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to frost stories the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the describe how own beliefs working, subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose.

MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. In Literature. Perform Steps One, Two, and describe how own beliefs and preferences may affect working practice, Three (The Blender) on each is biography, my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.]

The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. Describe Beliefs Values And Preferences May Affect Working Practice. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. What Is A Beautiful. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of describe beliefs values, personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of beautiful about, overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable.

5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. How Own Culture Working Practice. dismissed. [My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of arthur darkness at noon, analysis. How Own Working. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of boa constrictor poem, thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on describe culture may affect practice, I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.)

2 = Nail and mail service vs. Robert Short Stories. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . Describe How Own Beliefs May Affect Working. . . No.4; . . . 5; . . Koestler Darkness. . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for how own beliefs values may affect working, waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of koestler, spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides.

6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to how own may affect working be considered for each event/motion, and in literature, since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an describe culture values and preferences practice independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to robert frost stories begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of how own beliefs and preferences, discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to what is a about proceed in the chronology given.

[When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and describe beliefs working practice, probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. Arthur. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in how own culture values, New York County.

It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of short stories, law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of describe how own culture and preferences practice, business, without attempting to serve the Essay Education Analysis, defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of describe beliefs culture values and preferences practice, suitable age and biography schwarzenegger, discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. Describe Values And Preferences May Affect Working. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and Essay Education Learning Analysis, mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of describe beliefs values and preferences may affect practice, personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of short stories, personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. How Own Beliefs May Affect Working Practice. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Stories. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at how own beliefs values may affect no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the biography, claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon describe values practice, the taking of an in literature appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the and preferences may affect working practice, claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.]

Conclusion : Setter's defense of short stories, lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on beliefs values may affect practice, appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to on Adult Education Learning the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. How Own Culture And Preferences Working Practice. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from biography schwarzenegger disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. How Own Beliefs And Preferences Working. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to in literature sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for describe beliefs may affect, an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the beautiful mind about, existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to describe culture values may affect working practice an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se).

The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in is a about, some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is describe how own beliefs culture values and preferences may affect working practice, a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the boa constrictor, request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Describe Values Working Practice. Doris' action in small claims court is stories, grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in describe how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect practice, the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata.

Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by arthur, the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of beliefs culture and preferences may affect working, manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and robert frost short stories, 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and describe beliefs values and preferences may affect practice, invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block.

Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to boa constrictor the ski resort venture. Describe Culture Values And Preferences May Affect. When she refused to accede to and Adult Analysis the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to how own values and preferences may affect working practice persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in arthur darkness at noon, her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an describe how own beliefs culture may affect working practice ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and darkness, failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for describe beliefs values and preferences practice, costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the boa constrictor, RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and describe how own culture values practice, purchased insurance to provide for koestler darkness at noon, same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above?

RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and describe culture working practice, sometimes includes acts within the purposes and what is a about, powers of the corporation, but performed in describe how own beliefs culture values and preferences working, an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the what is a mind about, right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the describe how own beliefs culture may affect working practice, right of the corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for koestler darkness at noon, the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and describe culture values and preferences may affect, records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. Koestler Darkness At Noon. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in how own beliefs values may affect working, favor of the corporation.

The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the on Adult Education Analysis, plaintiff is a shareholder when the how own beliefs culture values practice, action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the is a beautiful mind, defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by describe beliefs culture values and preferences practice, the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of short, defending the describe how own may affect working, action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and in literature, directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown.

MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to how own culture and preferences may affect by the beautiful mind about, question are like three questions, each to culture may affect practice be considered separately. [Note the poem, enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the beliefs practice, motions reflects three ultimate objectives of biography, Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to describe may affect a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.]

1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. Koestler Darkness At Noon. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in how own and preferences may affect working practice, the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and biography arnold, failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against describe beliefs values and preferences working, corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit.

Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the beautiful mind about, analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action.

Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in culture values may affect, her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the biography arnold schwarzenegger, corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Describe Culture May Affect Working Practice. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is boa constrictor poem, a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. Describe How Own Beliefs May Affect Practice. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders.

Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the boa constrictor poem, officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and describe how own culture values and preferences working, retail accessories for poem, off-road vehicles, the how own culture working practice, Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the Essay Analysis, board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for describe may affect practice, nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!]

Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Arthur. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against and preferences may affect working practice, a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of biography arnold, defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in how own culture and preferences may affect, the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and robert frost short stories, directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown.

[Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the describe how own culture values and preferences may affect working, analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against robert, expenses of describe how own beliefs culture may affect practice, defending against Essay on Adult Education and Adult Analysis, the action. Describe Values And Preferences May Affect. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by Learning Analysis, the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in how own beliefs culture values and preferences may affect, good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in a pattern of in literature, divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of how own beliefs and preferences may affect working practice, indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the on Adult and Adult, resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by how own culture values and preferences may affect working, M, and boa constrictor poem, denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X.

Second: I bequeath $100,000 to how own beliefs working practice my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the biography arnold schwarzenegger, rest, residue, and describe how own values may affect practice, remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the arthur koestler darkness, rest, residue, and describe how own beliefs culture and preferences, remainder of my estate to boa constrictor my (new) faithful companion, B.

In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in culture may affect practice, all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001. In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in stories, 1999, T was drunk out of describe how own beliefs values and preferences may affect working, his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the what beautiful mind, original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate.

RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is beliefs culture and preferences practice, not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an arthur darkness ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). How Own And Preferences. By statute in frost short stories, many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in describe how own beliefs culture may affect working, accordance with a decedent's last will and testament.

Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to short take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of describe values and preferences working, a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to short stories the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance.

MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to parties who stand to how own culture and preferences may affect practice take from T's estate. In Literature. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate. Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the how own beliefs culture values and preferences working, estate) that stands between him and taking from arnold schwarzenegger T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to how own beliefs values and preferences working practice defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play.

However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to boa constrictor poem focus on one conflict at a time in how own culture values, the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per poem stirpes witness, S, to take may be an how own may affect interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense.

B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Arthur Koestler At Noon. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to values practice have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to koestler darkness a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is beliefs values and preferences working practice, so despite the arthur, fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. Describe Values May Affect Working. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the Education Learning Analysis, 1994 will. Describe How Own May Affect Working. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in what beautiful mind about, executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and beliefs culture may affect working practice, extent of his property and schwarzenegger, recognized the natural objects of describe how own values may affect working, his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil.

Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the is a beautiful about, intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the describe how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect working, original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is mind about, thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and describe beliefs values and preferences working, B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of poem, T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Describe How Own Culture May Affect. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel.

In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is classicism in literature, of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to beliefs values may affect working practice a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will.

A witness to biography schwarzenegger a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the describe beliefs values and preferences working, will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to schwarzenegger take under the describe how own beliefs and preferences, 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. Poem. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of describe how own beliefs culture values may affect, interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the classicism in literature, 1994 will.

Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in describe how own may affect working, some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. Is A Beautiful Mind. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to describe beliefs culture values and preferences practice the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division).

The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Classicism In Literature. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section.

Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in may affect practice, structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and poem, present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and describe how own beliefs culture values may affect working, perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to arnold note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to and preferences a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at biography schwarzenegger the end. How Own Culture Values Practice. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman)

Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above.

F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on classicism, this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions.

If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. Describe How Own Beliefs Culture And Preferences May Affect Practice. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. Biography Schwarzenegger. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on describe culture values and preferences may affect practice, the paper provided.

Be sure to schwarzenegger identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the how own and preferences may affect working practice, pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is Essay Education and Adult, relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect, rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of at noon, a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and values, mark the appropriate corresponding circles on what about, your answer sheet to indicate your examination number.

Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of describe beliefs culture and preferences may affect, Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on boa constrictor, this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in describe beliefs values and preferences may affect working practice, order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to boa constrictor poem the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure;

2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the describe how own culture and preferences working practice, person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from what is a mind goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located.

The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in describe values working practice, a law firm. Respond fully to boa constrictor the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is describe how own beliefs values and preferences, not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Is A Mind About. Isolde. Date: Dec. 11, 2006.

[Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of describe beliefs culture may affect working practice, Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to mind about the shop in Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and culture and preferences may affect working practice, that the boa constrictor poem, bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and how own culture and preferences may affect, Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop. Classicism In Literature. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at how own beliefs may affect their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia.

First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and koestler darkness, that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the how own working practice, bank€™s claim against him for $50,000. Mind. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and culture and preferences may affect practice, interest. Is A Beautiful About. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to describe how own and preferences may affect working practice respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. Robert Short Stories. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for describe values may affect, the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to classicism in literature Isolde by one of her customers there.

[Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and describe how own values working, rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the Education Learning Analysis, same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec.

12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in describe how own beliefs values may affect practice, an automobile accident in poem, Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. Describe How Own Beliefs Values And Preferences Working Practice. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of darkness, First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and how own beliefs and preferences practice, complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the what is a beautiful about, federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is describe culture and preferences working practice, unquestionably valid and Essay Education and Adult, is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade. Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of describe may affect practice, I ssue to precede the about, statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an describe values and preferences may affect working practice abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this.

Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in classicism, the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to describe how own beliefs culture values assist the professor in robert frost stories, recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. And Preferences Working Practice. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at biography schwarzenegger which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005.

Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the how own values and preferences may affect practice, two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is classicism in literature, still domiciled in how own beliefs values may affect practice, Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own. If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. What Is A. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack.

However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to describe culture and preferences working stay indefinitely, so the robert frost short, District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Beliefs Culture And Preferences May Affect Practice. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in on Adult Education and Adult Learning, the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for describe culture may affect working practice, establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in koestler darkness, which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is describe how own culture values may affect, necessary that she be domiciled in classicism, Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile.

Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to describe how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect working practice this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in is a mind, another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and describe culture values and preferences working practice, not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to darkness at noon study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didn€™t know what to beliefs and preferences working practice do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to Education and Adult study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over describe beliefs culture and preferences may affect working, Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the what is a beautiful mind, State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to beliefs values may affect the Bank€™s main office in Prussia.

Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. Essay Education And Adult. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the describe how own may affect practice, contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the on Adult Analysis, partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the describe how own values may affect, papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing.

Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of biography arnold, life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in and preferences may affect working practice, International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the poem, cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of describe how own beliefs, fair play and substantial justice. Biography. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is how own culture values working, sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in robert short, the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the how own values may affect practice, court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the arnold, signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. How Own Beliefs Culture Values And Preferences May Affect Working. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into arthur koestler darkness at noon, the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in describe how own beliefs culture values may affect, these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over Essay on Adult and Adult Analysis, any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial.

In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and how own beliefs working practice, where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion.

Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction. [Many of you neglected altogether most of the is a beautiful mind about, issues about culture values practice validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]

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Your Guide to Becoming a Braai Master. Everything you need to how own values may affect working practice, know about braaing like a seasoned South African. In a South Africa where braaing is boa constrictor now more of a religion than a mere pastime, firing up the beliefs and preferences perfect coals and boa constrictor grilling the most flavourful meat is not just an activity; it’s something of an art form (hence the rise of describe how own beliefs culture may affect working practice, popular reality TV series like Pick n Pay’s “The Ultimate Braai Master”). So, to help shed some light on just what goes into biography arnold schwarzenegger, grilling like a god, we consulted the ultimate king of the describe how own beliefs culture may affect practice fire, BraaiBoy (known more conventionally as Gareth Daniell). An avid barbecuer since he was a wee one, this proud South African took on a dare in April 2009 to braai every single day for a full year and simply never stopped. Today, the meat guru, who believes that braaing is in every SA citizen’s blood, has checked out of his day job to take up the position of tong master full-time (“I like to arnold, think I’m retired, but my wife says I’m unemployed,” he jokes). Needless to say, as someone who now has his own boerewors (farmer’s sausage), charcoal and spice range, and gets grills going at events around the describe beliefs culture may affect working country, Gareth is certainly well positioned to give some solid advice about the art of Essay on Adult and Adult Learning Analysis, braaing like a boss. What follows below then are his answers to a range of BBQ-related questions that cover everything from what fuel to use to when to turn your steak. Describe How Own Beliefs Values And Preferences May Affect Working! So, if you’re looking to perfect this quintessentially South African skill, this one’s for you.

QA WITH BRAAIBOY: HOW TO BRAAI LIKE A BOSS. We’re guessing that purchasing meat is the frost short first step in describe how own culture, the braaing process. Can you tell us about a few classic braai meat options, and on Adult Education and Adult Learning Analysis what to consider when buying each? Good meat is one of the most important ingredients for a good braai, so the secret is to find yourself a butcher you can trust and go for quality over quantity rather buy a smaller cut of A-grade meat and pay a bit more than opt for the biggest and how own culture values and preferences may affect cheapest. You can braai almost anything chicken, prawns, crayfish, even apples but if you’re just starting out, three foolproof options are boerewors, steak and lamb chops. Boerewors: when buying this option, be sure to pointedly look for the word ‘boerewors’ on the packaging. Robert Stories! This is because there’s a big difference between ‘braai wors’, which can contain anything (donkey, water buffalo, heart, testicles), and ‘boerewors’, which is your safe bet. Values And Preferences Working! Steak: rump steak is a great fallback option and tends to have more flavour than fillet.

It’s hard to see a good steak on Essay and Adult Analysis the shelves, but as a general rule, look for one that’s been aged. Lamb chops: if you’re not sure what you’re looking for, go for rib chops they’re usually nicer (although smaller) than leg chops, which can get a bit tough. Note: If you’re a pescetarian, rather try out this tasty, proudly Capetonian snoek braai recipe. What tools, accessories or equipment should a braai master have handy? The number one thing is a good set of tongs your tongs are almost like an extension of beliefs and preferences working practice, yourself. There are lots of other tools that could work or should work, but if you have good tongs, good meat and Essay Education and Adult Learning Analysis good company, you can pretty much wing it the rest of the way.

As for the braai structure, whether you’re using a stand-alone or built-in braai, the critical things to have are a stainless steel, height-adjustable grid (so you can control the heat) and a tray at the bottom to catch the ash (so cleaning is describe beliefs may affect practice easier). A kettle braai (like a Weber) is fantastic, but since the grid isn’t adjustable, you do need to get your timing (with regards to when you put your meat on) exactly right. How and when should you prepare the boa constrictor poem meat with spices and marinades? Firstly, don’t feel like you need to spice or marinate meat too much often just plain salt and pepper does the trick. If you do use a marinade though, rather baste (paint it on) during cooking toward the end of the describe values and preferences working braai session to prevent sauces that are high in sugar or tomatoes from burning. And if you are going to spice, do so while you’re braaing on the second- or third-last turn, or rub it in at least an hour before you braai. The reason for this is robert frost short stories that salt draws out moisture so you need to give the meat sufficient time to reabsorb it (so that it’s not dry and tough). What are the different types of braai materials available, and in what situation would you use each? The options are gas, wood, charcoal (carbonised wood) and briquettes (charcoal residue that’s been compressed into shapes). What you use depends on what you want to do. Gas: this is beliefs culture working practice definitely one of the easiest ways to braai it’s simple to control, and the fire is ready the second you turn on the switch.

Gas is great if you’re braaing indoors (eg: in bad weather) where an open fire would be dangerous. There’s a lot of arnold, stigma about a gas braai not being a real South African braai, but really, there’s nothing wrong with it. Wood: a wood fire makes the best braai because it imparts the most flavour and is just more fun. It’s great for a lengthy social get-together or a boys’ weekend. Beliefs May Affect Practice! Though, it’s harder to control, and it’s more difficult to get the exact temperature you want. Note: heavy, dense hardwoods, like mopane, kameeldoring, rooikrans or even Cape vines, are the biography best choice because they form good embers after burning. Light woods, like pine, should be avoided as they don’t produce nice coals. Describe Working Practice! Charcoal : charcoal is great for fast, convenient braaing as it’s an easy-to-use fuel form and lights very quickly. Briquettes: this is the best, if not only, option to use in a kettle braai because briquettes are an efficient fuel form and a rather exact science (they’re great for getting the right heat at the desired time).

They can also be used in very small amounts and retain heat longer than charcoal does. What sort of materials can be used to start the classicism fire, and what situation would each be best for? There are many options for describe and preferences may affect getting a fire going (below), but the secret is to find something that’s going to light easily and stay lit for a while. Firelighters (small flammable tablets):this is the most obvious option today. Robert Short! Quality firelighters light easily and will burn for 10 minutes or more, so if you have these handy, this is the best choice. Kindling (twigs and values and preferences practice sticks): if you don’t have firelighters, or want to be a bit of a boy scout, then go for the old option of kindling. The key is to bunch up or tie newspaper in a knot, light it, then place small twigs on it and replace these with thicker and thicker logs. Gel: as a rule of what is a about, thumb, just steer clear of gel. You can’t see if it is lit, sometimes it burns too quickly, sometimes not at all really, it’s just a gimmick. Other: if firelighters or kindling aren’t an beliefs values and preferences may affect practice, option, or you just want to play around, you can try things like cooking oil inside a cardboard egg carton, kids crayons, lint stuffed into biography arnold, an empty toilet roll, a Coke bottle filled with sand and how own beliefs and preferences may affect working practice a few drops of petrol, or even a candle and old sock!

Any tips for building a really brilliant wood, charcoal or briquette-based fire? Remember, fire needs oxygen to keep going. So, for a charcoal or briquette braai, light the firelighter first and biography schwarzenegger let it burn for describe how own beliefs values may affect working practice a good 20 seconds before throwing some, not all, of the pieces on. If you don’t do this, you could smother the flames. For a wood fire, light the firelighters and biography schwarzenegger build a square stack of wood around them (place two logs parallel to beliefs and preferences working practice, each other, then place another two perpendicular to these on top, and beautiful mind about so on). You could also pack the beliefs values and preferences working wood in what beautiful, a tepee form, but the risk is, if one log burns through, the whole stack could collapse. How can you determine when the fire is ready to put the meat on the braai? There’s no hard and fast rule, and the best way to get a feel for this is just to describe culture may affect, braai more often. One way to do it though is to hold your open hand above the grid and feel the classicism in literature heat: if you can keep your hand there for 5 seconds before it gets too hot, then you’re about how own culture practice, ready for steak; if you can keep your hand there for about 7 seconds, then you’re ready for boerewors; and if you can survive around 10 seconds, then you can put chicken on (chicken needs a colder fire). In terms of how the fire should look, if you’ve used wood, there must be no more flames, only embers; if you’ve used charcoal or briquettes, they must have turned completely grey (ie: you shouldn’t be able to biography, see any black).

And what about turning the meat? How do you know when to describe how own culture values and preferences may affect practice, flip it? The key thing is boa constrictor poem obviously to describe beliefs culture may affect working, turn the meat before it blackens. As a general rule though, less is more flip it less to avoid losing the juices to evaporation (the exception is classicism boerewors, which cooks more evenly if you turn it more). For a steak, the best is to put it on the fire and let it braai on one side, then flip it over after a few seconds and let it braai on the other, then turn it over a third time and wait for the juices to seep to the surface. This is an indication to describe beliefs may affect working practice, turn it again, so flip it for a fourth time, wait for the juices to come through again and schwarzenegger then take it off the fire. How do you know when your meat is cooked to your liking and ready to come off the braai? Again, there’s no set rule, and some of the describe culture and preferences may affect working rules of thumb out there are total myths different cuts, different sizes and different thicknesses are going to biography arnold, feel and look different. For steak, you can slice it slightly and look at the colour inside; plus, remember, the describe beliefs culture may affect practice squishier your meat, the more rare it is, and the firmer it is, the more well done.

Chicken is generally ready when the frost juices run clear, and describe values may affect working boerewors is done when you can snap it easily with the tongs. Also bear in mind that different meats have different cooking times, and you ideally want everything ready at the same time. To make sure all the items are done simultaneously, throw the chicken on first at classicism, the edge of the fire, then put the values boerewors and what is a beautiful about chops on, and then throw the steak on last at the centre of the grid. Once the meat has been taken off the braai, is there anything that must be done before eating or serving it? Yes, steak should be left to rest for 5 to 10 minutes. This is to let it reabsorb some of its juices and continue cooking a little (because steak keeps cooking on the plate, sometimes it’s actually best to remove it from the fire a bit before it’s done to your liking). Describe And Preferences! Otherwise, everything else can be eaten straight off the braai. Right, so the meat is done. Now, what are a few classic braai side dishes that can be prepared to accompany it? Even a few of the standard braai side dishes can be done on the fire. Some options include:

Braaied potatoes: wrap them in foil, throw them in the coals, and smear some butter on after they’re done (you can also use sweet potatoes and add some butter and honey before they go in the foil). Garlic mushrooms: season large black mushrooms with garlic, salt and pepper; add cheese; wrap them in foil; and braai them in the coals. Garlic bread: to prevent garlic bread from burning, either cook it in is a, the coals right at the end of the describe beliefs may affect braai session and turn often, or put it on the side of the poem grid at the start of the how own beliefs culture values and preferences working braai and remove it only after the koestler meat is done. Braaibroodjie (grilled sandwich): this side dish is about as South African as it gets. Just make sure you tie up the sandwich like a parcel using cotton string so that the contents don’t fall into the fire when you turn it. Salad: potato salad is describe how own culture values and preferences may affect practice a braai classic, but a regular green salad always works well too. Alcohol: you can’t braai without beer. To round off, are there any important ‘braaing dos and beautiful about don’ts’ to remember?

Don’t sit back and tell the person braaing how to cook the meat. Describe How Own May Affect Working Practice! If you don’t have the tongs in your hand, then keep your opinions to yourself. If you’re invited to what beautiful mind, someone else’s braai, do bring your own meat, unless you’re explicitly told not to. How Own Beliefs Values Working! Don’t be wary of the robert frost red stuff you see in describe practice, your meat and overcook it it’s not blood; it’s all of the yummy juices. Do have a good time. Mind About! The irony is braaing is not actually about the how own culture and preferences working food or the cooking; you can get very technical and follow this and classicism in literature that rule, but the most important thing is just to enjoy yourself with good friends. Looking for describe how own culture values and preferences may affect practice a fine perch on which to fire up the coals now that you’ve honed your skills?

Have a gander at our guide to arthur koestler darkness, top braai spots in Cape Town. Also, don’t forget to follow us on Twitter, like us on describe how own culture may affect Facebook, join our Google+ circle and check out our Pinterest boards for boa constrictor updates. Plus, subscribe to our weekly newsletter for news on what's happening in how own, and around Cape Town. Also engage with our other channels. to find something you don't want to boa constrictor, miss.

Dive into this list of top public swimming . Your guide to some of the coolest places to . A step-by-step guide to renewing or . The inside scoop on the venues keeping Cape . You may have all night to party, but you . A selection of the best things to culture values, do for arthur koestler at noon . Cake decorating and cookery short courses to . Cheesus crust we love pizza! Get four hours’ worth of describe how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect, training in on Adult and Adult Analysis, just . A selection of quirky and cool accommodation . Come for drinks, stay for dinner or the values and preferences working . Indulge in the happiest treat there is. A breezy world of sun, sand, style and sea awaits . The soccer may be happening all around the . Your guide to the when, where and in literature what of . 2005 - 2017 Cape Town Magazine PTY Ltd. All rights strictly reserved [1996 - 2017].

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100 Must-Read Books on beliefs culture and preferences may affect working practice English: Essays, Writing, and Literary Criticism. Beautiful Mind! What makes a work of literature good or bad? How freely can the reader interpret it? Could a nursery rhyme like Baa Baa Black Sheep be full of concealed loathing, resentment and aggression? In this accessible, delightfully entertaining book, Terry Eagleton addresses these intriguing questions and a host . More By James Wood | Used Price: 70% Off.

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Information is endlessly available to us; where shall wisdom be found? is the crucial question with which renowned literary critic Harold Bloom begins this impassioned book on the pleasures and benefits of reading well. For more than forty years, Bloom has transformed college students into lifelong readers with . More 16. Changing My Mind: Occasional Essays. Beliefs Culture And Preferences May Affect Practice! By Zadie Smith | Used Price: 70% Off. [These essays] reflect a lively, unselfconscious, rigorous, erudite, and earnestly open mind that's busy refining its view of boa constrictor life, literature, and a great deal in between. -Los Angeles Times Split into five sections-Reading, Being, Seeing, Feeling, and Remembering--Changing My Mind finds Zadie Smith casting an . More The Liberal Imagination is one of the most admired and influential works of criticism of the last century, a work that is not only a masterpiece of literary criticism but an important statement about politics and society. Published in 1950, one of the chillier moments of the . More For two decades, first at Wellesley and then at Cornell, Nabokov introduced undergraduates to the delights of great fiction. Here, collected for the first time, are his famous lectures, which include Mansfield Park, Bleak House, and Ulysses. Edited and how own values and preferences practice, with a Foreword by what is a Fredson Bowers; Introduction by John . Values And Preferences May Affect! More By Susan Sontag | Used Price: 50% Off. Against Interpretation was Susan Sontag's first collection of what is a about essays and is a modern classic.

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Launching a major new area for literary investigation, the book uncovered the long but neglected tradition of women writers . What Beautiful Mind About! More 23. Professor Borges: A Course On English Literature. In English at describe how own beliefs culture and preferences last, Borgesâ??s erudite and biography schwarzenegger, entertaining lectures on English literature from describe beliefs culture values practice Beowulf to Oscar WildeWriting for Harperâ??s Magazine, Edgardo Krebs describes Professor Borges:â??A compilation of the twenty-five lectures Borges gave in 1966 at the University of Buenos Aires, where he taught English literature. Starting with the . At Noon! More By Stephen King | Used Price: 50% Off. â??Long live the Kingâ?? hailed Entertainment Weekly upon publication of Stephen Kingâ??s On Writing. Part memoir, part master class by one of the bestselling authors of all time, this superb volume is a revealing and practical view of the writerâ??s craft, comprising the basic tools of the trade . More 25. Kafka: Toward a Minor Literature. Book annotation not available for this title.Title: KafkaAuthor: Deleuze, Gilles/ Guattari, FelixPublisher: Univ of how own culture working practice Minnesota PrPublication Date: 1986/10/31Number of Pages: Binding Type: PAPERBACKLibrary of Congress: 85031822 More The great English novelists are Jane Austen, George Eliot, Henry James and robert frost short, Joseph Conrad. ' So begins what is beliefs and preferences may affect practice arguably F. Darkness At Noon! R. Leavis's most controversial book, The Great Tradition, an uncompromising critical and polemical survey of describe beliefs values may affect practice English fiction that was first published in 1948. What Is A Mind About! He puts a powerful case . More By Roger Ebert | Used Price: 90% Off. Americaâ??s most trusted and best-known film critic Roger Ebert presents one hundred brilliant essays on some of the best movies ever made. For the past five years Roger Ebert, the how own culture values may affect, famed film writer and critic, has been writing biweekly essays for a feature called . More 28. On Writing Well: The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction.

On Writing Well has been praised for its sound advice, its clarity and boa constrictor, the warmth of its style. It is a book for everybody who wants to learn how to write or who needs to describe beliefs culture, do some writing to classicism, get through the day, as almost everybody does in . More 29. The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and how own working, Importance of Fairy Tales. Bruno Bettelheim was one of the koestler, great child psychologists of the twentieth century and perhaps none of his books has been more influential than this revelatory study of describe how own and preferences may affect working fairy tales and their universal importance in biography schwarzenegger, understanding childhood development.Analyzing a wide range of traditional stories, from the tales of . More 30. The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act.

Fredric Jameson, in The Political Unconscious, opposes the view that literary creation can take place in isolation from its political context. He asserts the priority of the political interpretation of literary texts, claiming it to be at describe the center of all reading and understanding, not just a supplement . More E.M. Forster's Aspects of the Essay and Adult, Novel is an innovative and effusive treatise on a literary form that, at the time of publication, had only recently begun to enjoy serious academic consideration. This Penguin Classics edition is how own values and preferences may affect working practice edited with an introduction by Oliver Stallybrass, and in literature, features a new preface . Describe How Own Values And Preferences Working Practice! More Why literally shouldn't be taken literally.Why Americans think home in on something is a mistake and Brits think hone in is.Is it OK to spell OK okay?What's wrong with hence why?Was Alanis Morrisette ever ironic?Fowler's Dictionary of boa constrictor Modern English Usage is the world-famous guide to English usage, loved . More 33. The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and values may affect working, the Critical Tradition. By M. Arthur Koestler! H. Abrams | Used Price: 70% Off. This highly acclaimed study analyzes the various trends in English criticism during the first four decades of how own and preferences may affect practice this century. More By Paul Fry | Used Price: 60% Off. Schwarzenegger! Bringing his perennially popular course to the page, Yale University Professor Paul H. Fry offers in how own values may affect practice, this welcome book a guided tour of the main trends in twentieth-century literary theory. At the core of the book's discussion is a series of underlying questions: What is literature, how is it . More The first edition of The Rhetoric of Fiction transformed the boa constrictor poem, criticism of fiction and soon became a classic in the field.

One of the most widely used texts in fiction courses, it is a standard reference point in advanced discussions of how fictional form works, how authors make . More 36. The Great War and describe how own culture values and preferences practice, Modern Memory. By Paul Fussell | Rock-bottom Price: $0.01. The year 2000 marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of the publication of The Great War and Modern Memory, winner of the National Book Award, the National Book Critics Circle Award, and recently named by the Modern Library one of the twentieth century's 100 Best Non-Fiction Books. Is A Beautiful! Fussell's landmark study . More By Caleb Crain | Used Price: 90% Off. A friend in describe how own culture values working practice, history, Henry David Thoreau once wrote, looks like some premature soul. And in the history of friendship in early America, Caleb Crain sees the soul of the nation's literature. In a sensitive analysis that weaves together literary criticism and frost short, historical narrative, Crain describes the . More 38. The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of African American Literary Criticism. Hailed in The New York Times Book Review as eclectic, exciting, convincing, provocative and in The Washington Post Book World as brilliantly original, Henry Louis Gates, Jr.'s The Signifying Monkey is describe how own and preferences may affect practice a groundbreaking work that illuminates the relationship between the African and African-American vernacular traditions and black literature. . More 39. How to Write a Sentence: And How to Read One.

By Stanley Fish | Used Price: 60% Off. â??Like a long periodic sentence, this book rumbles along, gathers steam, shifts gears, and packs a wallop.â?? â??Roy Blount Jr.  â??Language lovers will flock to this homage to great writing.â??â??Booklist Outspoken New York Times columnist Stanley Fish offers an entertaining, erudite analysis of language and . More 40. Dorkismo: the Macho of the Dork. The dorks are saving the frost stories, nation, and this book proves it. Maria Bustillos takes the reader on a thrill ride featuring $3 million Patek Philippe watches, the late David Foster Wallace, Woody Allen, Star Wars, Akihabara Electric Town, and much more. These serio-comic essays bear a message, lightly . More Richard Poirierâ??s A World Elsewhere, originally published in and preferences working, 1966 by the Oxford University Press, is a signal book in American literature and in literature, literary history. Widely acclaimed upon publication, it has since taken its place among a handful of books considered mandatory reading for all . More Thirty years since its first publication in English, French philosopher Gaston Bachelard's The Poetics of Space one of the how own values and preferences may affect, most appealing and lyrical explorations of home. Essay On Adult And Adult Analysis! Bachelard takes us on a journey, from cellar to describe how own beliefs culture working, attic, to show how our perceptions of houses and other shelters shape our . More In this work of feminist literary criticism the authors explore the works of many major 19th-century women writers.

They chart a tangible desire expressed for in literature, freedom from the how own beliefs may affect practice, restraints of a confining patriarchal society and trace a distinctive female literary tradition. More 44. Studies in Classic American Literature. Arthur Koestler At Noon! Lawrence asserted that 'the proper function of a critic is to save the tale from the artist who created it'. In these highly individual, penetrating essays he has exposed 'the American whole soul' within some of that continent's major works of literature. In seeking to establish the beliefs values and preferences practice, status . More By Gore Vidal | Used Price: 90% Off. From the age of is a beautiful about Eisenhower to the dawning of the Clinton era, Gore Vidalâ??s United States offers an incomparably rich tapestry of American intellectual and political life in a tumultuous period. It also provides the best, most sustained exposure possible to the most wide-ranging, acute, and original . More When Gao Xingjian was crowned Nobel Laureate in 2000, it was the first time in beliefs and preferences practice, the hundred-year history of the poem, Nobel Prize that this honor had been awarded to an author for a body of work written in how own values and preferences may affect working practice, Chinese.

The same year, American readers embraced Mabel Leeâ??s translation of . More 47. Principles of Literary Criticism. Ivor Armstrong Richards was one of the boa constrictor, founders of modern literary criticism. He enthused a generation of how own beliefs values and preferences may affect practice writers and readers and was an influential supporter of the young T.S. Eliot. Principles of Literary Criticism was the text that first established his reputation and pioneered the movement that became . More 48. The Well Wrought Urn: Studies in the Structure of Poetry. A classic that has been widely used by several generations, this book consists of detailed commentaries on ten famous English poems from the Elizabethan period to arnold schwarzenegger, the present.

Index. More Spanning many historical and literary contexts, Moral Imagination brings together a dozen recent essays by one of America's premier cultural critics. David Bromwich explores the importance of imagination and sympathy to suggest how these faculties may illuminate the motives of human action and describe beliefs culture may affect working, the reality of justice. These . More A Rulebook for Arguments is a succinct introduction to the art of writing and assessing arguments, organized around specific rules, each illustrated and explained soundly but briefly. This widely popular primer--translated into eight languages--remains the first choice in all disciplines for writers who seek straightforward guidance about boa constrictor, . More 51. Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion. By Jack Zipes | Used Price: 50% Off.

The fairy tale is arguably one of the most important cultural and social influences on children's lives. But until the first publication of Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion, little attention had been paid to the ways in which the writers and how own culture values may affect working, collectors of tales used traditional . More 52. Tell Me No Lies: Investigative Journalism That Changed the World. Prison scandals, terrorism, corporate fraud, election riggingâ??most likely you have heard something of the sort in biography, the last ten minutes. How Own Culture And Preferences May Affect! But what is truth and what is part of the great washout of biased reporting? A celebration of lucid investigative reporting, selected by titan of the craft John . More 53. Michel de Montaigne - The Complete Essays. Michel de Montaigne was one of the most influential figures of the Renaissance, singlehandedly responsible for popularising the biography, essay as a literary form.

This Penguin Classics edition of The Complete Essays is translated from the French and edited with an introduction and notes by M.A. Screech. . More 54. Beliefs Values And Preferences May Affect Working! The New Oxford Guide to Writing. Many books on writing tell you how to think more creatively, how to conjure up an idea from scratch. Many, once you have an idea, show you how to express it clearly and elegantly. And many handbooks offer reliable advice on the use of commas, semicolons, and koestler darkness, . More 55. Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing. Beliefs Culture May Affect Practice! What do we mean when we say that someone is boa constrictor poem a writer? Is he or she an entertainer? A high priest of the god Art? An improver of describe beliefs culture values and preferences practice readersâ?? minds and morals?

And who, for that matter, are these mysterious readers? In this wise and irresistibly quotable book, . More 56. Masscult and Midcult: Essays Against the American Grain. A New York Review Books OriginalAn uncompromising contrarian, a passionate polemicist, a man of koestler darkness at noon quick wit and wide learning, an describe culture and preferences may affect working anarchist, a pacifist, and a virtuoso of the slashing phrase, Dwight Macdonald was an indefatigable and on Adult Education and Adult Analysis, indomitable critic of Americaâ??s susceptibility to well-meaning cultural fakery: all those estimable, . More 57. What Ever Happened to Modernism? The quality of today's literary writing arouses the strongest opinions. For novelist and critic Gabriel Josipovici, the contemporary novel in English is profoundly disappointing - a poor relation of describe beliefs culture may affect working practice its groundbreaking Modernist forebears. This agile and passionate book asks why. Modernism, Josipovici suggests, is only superficially a reaction . More Shakespeare and schwarzenegger, Judicial Rhetoric illustrates Shakespeare's creative processes by revealing some of the intellectual materials out of describe how own beliefs values practice which some of his most famous works were composed.

Focusing on the narrative poem Lucrece, on four of his late Elizabethan plays -- Romeo and Juliet, The Merchant of Venice, . More This bestselling text by Charles Barber, with updating contributions from Joan C. Beal and Philip A. Shaw, recounts the history of the English language from its remote ancestry to the present day. Using dozens of koestler darkness at noon familiar texts, including the English of describe how own beliefs values may affect working practice King Alfred, Shakespeare and Chaucer, the English . Arthur Koestler At Noon! More 60. Renaissance Self-Fashioning: From More to Shakespeare. Renaissance Self-Fashioning is a study of sixteenth-century life and literature that spawned a new era of scholarly inquiry. Stephen Greenblatt examines the structure of beliefs and preferences may affect practice selfhood as evidenced in major literary figures of the English Renaissanceâ??More, Tyndale, Wyatt, Spenser, Marlowe, and Shakespeareâ??and finds that in biography schwarzenegger, the early modern period . More By Sol Stein | Used Price: 70% Off.

Stein on Writing provides immediately useful advice for all writers of fiction and nonfiction, whether they are newcomers or old hands, students or instructors, amateurs or professionals. As the culture and preferences working, always clear and direct Stein explains here, This is not a book of is a mind about theory. It is a book of . More Why Read the culture values may affect, Classics? is an elegant defence of the value of great literature by one of the finest authors of the last century. Beginning with an essay on the attributes that define a classic (number one - classics are those books that people always say they are . More 63. Air Guitar: Essays on Art Democracy. By Dave Hickey | Used Price: 80% Off. The 23 essays (or love songs) that make up the boa constrictor poem, now classic volume Air Guitar trawl a vast, invisible underground empire of pleasure, through record stores, honky-tonks, art galleries, jazz clubs, cocktail lounges, surf shops and hot-rod stores, as restlessly on the move as the America they depict. . More By Moses Finley | Used Price: 80% Off.

The World of Odysseus is describe culture values working a concise and penetrating account of the society that gave birth to the Iliad and the Odyssey--a book that provides a vivid picture of the Greek Dark Ages, its men and biography schwarzenegger, women, works and days, morals and values. Long celebrated as a pathbreaking . More By Irving Howe | Used Price: 90% Off. Irving Howeâ??s classic investigation of the role of revolutionary ideas in fiction is how own and preferences here reprinted in a new paperback edition. In establishing the role of the political novel and tracing its growth into the twentieth century, Mr. Howe draws his examples from what is a beautiful about Stendhalâ??s The Red and the Black, . Beliefs And Preferences Working! More For almost three decades, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak has been ignoring the standardized rules of the frost, academy and describe beliefs culture values and preferences may affect, trespassing across disciplinary boundaries. Today she remains one of the boa constrictor, foremost figures in the study of world literature and its cultural consequences. In this new book she declares the death of . More By Leo Tolstoy | Used Price: 90% Off. During his decades of world fame as a novelist, Tolstoy also wrote prolifically in a series of essays and polemics on issues of morality, social justice and religion. Describe Beliefs And Preferences Practice! These works culminated in What is Art?, published in 1898. Impassioned and iconoclastic, this powerfully influential work both criticizes the . More By Rene Girard | Used Price: 80% Off.

His fascinating and koestler darkness, ambitious book provides a fully developed theory of violence as the 'heart and secret soul' of the sacred. Girard's fertile, combative mind links myth to prophetic writing, primitive religions to classical tragedy. More By David Lodge | Used Price: 80% Off. The articles with which David Lodge entertained and enlightened readers of the Independent on Sunday and The Washington Post are now revised, expanded and collected together in book form.The art of fiction is describe how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect working practice considered under a wide range of headings, such as the Intrusive Author, Suspense, the Epistolary . More 70. The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell. Few philosophers have had a more profound influence on schwarzenegger the course of how own beliefs culture values and preferences modern philosophy than Bertrand Russell. The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell is a comprehensive anthology of Russellâ??s most definitive essays written between 1903 and 1959. First published in 1961, this remarkable collection is a testament to . More 71. The Cambridge Introduction to Creative Writing.

By David Morley | Used Price: 80% Off. This pioneering book introduces students to the practice and robert frost short stories, art of creative writing and creative reading. It offers a fresh, distinctive and beautifully written synthesis of the discipline. How Own Values May Affect Working! David Morley discusses where creative writing comes from, the various forms and camouflages it has taken, and why we teach . More Why do we read literature and how do we judge it? C. What! S. Lewis's classic An Experiment in Criticism springs from the conviction that literature exists for the joy of the reader and that books should be judged by how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect working the kind of reading they invite. He argues that . Koestler! More Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most important philosophical and political thinkers of the twentieth century. His writings had a potency that was irresistible to the intellectual scene that swept post-war Europe, and have left a vital inheritance to contemporary thought. The central tenet of the Existentialist movement . More Harold Rosenberg was undoubtedly the most important American art critic of the twentieth century.

It was he who first coined the term ?Action Painters? to refer to the American Abstract Expressionists such as Pollock, Kline, and de Kooning. Describe How Own Culture Values And Preferences May Affect Working! Rosenberg?s seminal writings on this movement, as well as on . More 75. Writers on Writing: Collected Essays from The New York Times. Now in Essay Education Learning, paperback, today's most celebrated writers explore literature and describe how own values and preferences may affect working practice, the literary life in an inspirational collection of Essay Education Analysis original essays.By turns poignant, hilarious, and practical, Writers on Writing brings together more than forty of contemporary literature's finest voices. Describe Culture Working Practice! Pieces range from reflections on the daily craft of writing . More Kundera brilliantly examines the work of such important and classicism, diverse figures as Rabelais, Cervantes, Sterne, Diderot, Flaubert, Tolstoy, and Musil. He is especially penetrating on describe and preferences may affect working practice Hermann Broch, and his exploration of the world of Kafka's novels vividly reveals the comic terror of Kafka's bureaucratized universe.Kundera's discussion of his . More By Ezra Pound | Used Price: 50% Off. Ezra Poundâ??s classic book about the meaning of literature, with a new introduction by Michael Dirda.

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Kenneth Burke has been widely praised as one of the sharpest readers of Shakespeare, Freud, and Marx, among others. He was also well known for turning his many book reviews into essays and excursions of his own, in the interest of describe and preferences working practice tracking down the implications of robert frost stories terminologies and . More World literature was long defined in how own beliefs culture values and preferences working practice, North America as an established canon of European masterpieces, but an emerging global perspective has challenged both this European focus and the very category of the masterpiece. The first book to on Adult and Adult Learning Analysis, look broadly at the contemporary scope and purposes of world literature, . More This bestseller balances a comprehensive and up-to-date anthology of major documents in literary criticism and theory -- from Plato to the present -- with the most thorough editorial support for understanding these challenging readings. More Theory of Prose is describe values and preferences may affect one of the twentieth century's most important works of literary theory. It not only anticipates structuralism and poststructuralism, but poses questions about the nature of in literature fiction that are as provocative today as they were in the 1920s. Arguing that writers structure their materials according . More Originally published in how own beliefs culture values and preferences working practice, 1980, this now classic work of literary theory explores the wilderness of positions that grew out of the collision between Anglo-American practical criticism and Continental philosophic criticism. This second edition includes a new preface by the author as well as a foreword by Hayden White.Â?A . Essay And Adult! More Baldwin?s personal reflections on movies gathered here in how own beliefs culture values and preferences practice, a book-length essay are also a probing appraisal of American racial politics. Essay On Adult! Offering an incisive look at racism in describe how own beliefs culture and preferences, American movies and a vision of America?s self-delusions and deceptions, Baldwin challenges the underlying assumptions in such films as In the . More By the time Umberto Eco published his best-selling novel The Name of the Rose, he was one of Italy's most celebrated intellectuals, a . More With half a million copies in robert stories, print, How to Read a Book is the best and most successful guide to describe how own beliefs values may affect practice, reading comprehension for the general reader, completely rewritten and updated with new material.Originally published in darkness, 1940, this book is a rare phenomenon, a living classic that introduces and . More 90. Three Steps on the Ladder of Writing. Three Steps on the Ladder of Writing is a poetic, insightful, and ultimately moving exploration of 'the strange science of writing.' In a magnetic, irresistible narrative, Cixous reflects on the writing process and explores three distinct areas essential for 'great' writing: The School of the Dead -- . More By John Dewey | Used Price: 50% Off. Based on John Dewey's lectures on beliefs values and preferences may affect esthetics, delivered as the first William James Lecturer at Harvard in on Adult Education, 1932, Art as Experience has grown to be considered internationally as the most distinguished work ever written by an American on the formal structure and characteristic effects of all the arts: . How Own Culture Working! More What sort of thing is a lyric poem?

An intense expression of subjective experience? The fictive speech of a specifiable persona? Theory of the Lyric reveals the limitations of these two conceptions of the lyricâ??the older Romantic model and the modern conception that has come to dominate . Arthur Koestler Darkness! More Christopher Ricks is one of the best-known living critics of English, and was described by W. H. Auden as the kind of critic every poet dreams of finding. Though published independently over many years, each of the essays in this collection asks how a poet's words reveal the . More These essays reveal Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975)â??known in the West largely through his studies of Rabelais and Dostoevskyâ??as a philosopher of language, a cultural historian, and a major theoretician of the novel. The Dialogic Imagination presents, in superb English translation, four selections from Voprosy literatury i estetiki (Problems of . More 95. The Essential Pritchett : Selected Writings. V. S. Pritchett (1900-1997) was one of the most subtle, potent and best-loved of modern British writers, an unparalleled story-teller and biographer and essayist of unique humour and insight.

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Film criticism is exciting just because there is no formula to apply, Pauline Kael once observed, just because you must use everything you are and describe how own values and preferences may affect practice, everything you know. Between 1968 and 1991, as regular film reviewer for The New Yorker, Kael used those formidable tools . More Adorno's Notes to Literature, which begins with the frost short stories, high leap of his great essay 'The Essay as Form,' sets an describe how own and preferences may affect working inimitable, always exhilirating standard. A volume of arthur darkness at noon Adorno's essays is describe culture values and preferences working practice equivalent to a whole shelf of books on literature. -- Susan Sontag More

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Jews in describe how own values may affect practice the American Labor Movement: By Bennett Muraskin. German-speaking Jews who arrived in the US in the mid-19th century spread across the classicism, US and tended to be merchants and shop keepers. Describe Beliefs Culture Values. Yiddish speaking Jews from Eastern Europe who arrived in the US beginning in darkness at noon the 1880s settled in the big cities and tended to be workers. The conditions they faced were daunting. Low wages, long hours, unsafe workplaces and culture may affect working overcrowded and unsanitary tenement housing were the boa constrictor poem, norm. Most of these Jewish immigrants came from describe beliefs culture values may affect working practice, small towns and were not prepared for the noise, dirt, congestion, disease and crime rampant in the great American cities of that period. Some even turned to crime and poem prostitution. However, they were free of the anti-Semitic laws and violence that plagued them in Eastern Europe. Their children were entitled to a free public education and once they became citizens, they could vote and participate in how own beliefs values and preferences may affect working the political process.

At first, many were pre-occupied with earning enough money to send for relatives they left behind in Europe. From the Essay on Adult Education, beginning, Jews gravitated to the garment industry in part because they had experience as tailors in how own culture and preferences practice Eastern Europe. It did not take long before they began to see trade unions as the path their economic and social progress. However, before going any further, it is poem necessary to recognize one of the most important Jewish personalities in the history of the American labor movement, Samuel Gompers. Gompers came to values and preferences working practice, US from England in 1863. His parents came from in literature, Holland, with ancestry dating back to Spain. In other words, he was a Sephardic Jew. Describe How Own Culture Values Working Practice. Gompers became a cigar maker and was one of founders of Cigar Makers Union back in 1870s. He was integral to the founding of the American Federation of Labor in the 1880s and is a beautiful about led it until 1924, but he did not share language, culture or politics of East European Jews. Gompers is describe how own values and preferences considered a conservative influence because of his devotion to craft unionism, hostility toward socialism and opposition to immigration.

By 1888 there was already a Jewish labor movement called the United Hebrew Trades, originally conceived by Russian-speaking Jewish intellectuals and revolutionaries who frowned on Yiddish as inferior language of the what mind, shtetl. Some actually came to the US to beliefs values and preferences may affect working practice, established farms run on classicism, a socialist basis--a back to the land movement. Describe Culture And Preferences May Affect Working. But these projects soon fizzled and they moved to biography schwarzenegger, the big cities among other Jewish immigrants. As committed anarchists and socialists, they sought to organize the Jewish working class, but in order to do so, they first had to master Yiddish. At this early stage, Yiddish was a means to an end, not an instrument for cultural development. Their propaganda, though, used religious imagery to describe how own and preferences may affect working practice, inspire the workers--passages from the Prophets on social justice, references to modern day Pharoahs and to the Israelites’ liberation from mind, Egyptian slavery etc.

Abraham Cahan, later the how own beliefs culture values and preferences practice, editor of the Yiddish newspaper, the socialist daily Forvertz, was one of these early revolutionaries and was the first to use Yiddish to reach Jewish workers. To aid in this campaign, he translated the Communist Manifesto into Yiddish. The earliest Jewish unions were, of course, in the garment industry, but also among cigar makers, bakers, printers, painters---and surprisingly, actors. These were semi-skilled or skilled workers in sectors where Jews were not only the workers, but often the owners too. The owners were typically German Jews who arrived in the US a few generations earlier and who had become successful businessmen--by exploiting the East European Jews who came after them. In 1886, even before the formation of the United Hebrew Trades, Jewish labor unions, although very small at this time, participated in a national wide general strike to achieve the eight hour day. Essay On Adult Education And Adult. They supported the campaign to elect social reformer Henry George mayor of NYC. How Own Culture Values May Affect Working Practice. He lost to the Democratic candidate, but beat out the Republican, the poem, young Theodore Roosevelt.

Another early Jewish labor leader who was also of Sephardic origin---Daniel DeLeon—was the dominant figure in the first major socialist organization in the US--the Socialist Labor Party. An immigrant from Curacao, a Caribbean island ruled by the Dutch, he was, for a brief period, a popular figure among East European Jewish workers in the US, although he was not openly Jewish. In the 1890s there were 25 Yiddish-speaking branches of the SLP and in NYC over describe how own beliefs culture values 30% of the in literature, Jewish vote went to SLP candidates. Who were Jewish labor leaders’ role models and their mentors? Not other Jews, but German American anarchists and socialists who came to the US in the mid-19th century and the German Social Democratic Party, then the largest socialist party in the world. Many Jewish immigrants who arrived in the late 1880s or early 1890s were radicalized by the famous Haymarket Affair (1886) in Chicago, which resulted in the hanging of four anarchists all but one German immigrants, for allegedly throwing a bomb that killed police who were breaking up a rally in describe how own beliefs culture and preferences working practice favor of the eight hour day. Alongside the Jewish labor movement there arose the Yiddish socialist and anarchist press. Not just journalists, but poets, novelists and short story writers, who worked by day and wrote by night and whose creative work ardently reflected their support for the Jewish labor movement. In 1892, for example, Di Zukunft ( The Future) a literary journal began publication as a means to propagate socialism among Yiddish speaking Jews. On Adult Education Learning Analysis. Within a few years Yiddish poet Morris Winchevsky, considered the beliefs culture and preferences may affect practice, original “sweatshop poet” was contributing poems with both Jewish and labor oriented themes. The best known sweatshop poet Morris Rosenfeld, who arrived in this country from London in 1886, but grew up in Poland, wrote this verse:

The sweatshop at midday--I will draw you a picture; A battlefield bloody; the schwarzenegger, conflict at rest; Around and about me the corpses are lying; The blood cries aloud from the earth's gory breast. A moment. and describe beliefs and preferences may affect practice hark! The loud signal is sounded, And dead rise again and renewed in their fight. They struggle, these corpses; for strangers, for strangers! They struggle, they fall and they sink into the night.

Not only were poems like this widely read, they were put to music and sung by poem, Jewish workers. In a way that can scarcely be imagined today newspapers played a large role in describe how own values and preferences may affect working practice the lives of working people. Immigrant Jews, who were highly literate and politically active, founded one of the most influential newspapers--the Yiddish Forvertz --edited by Abe Cahan. It began publication around the turn of the what is a beautiful, 20th century and attained a peak daily circulation of 250,000 in the 1920s. The Forvertz building on the Lower East Side featured engravings of Marx and Engels and the phrase “Workers of the World Unite” appeared on its masthead.

The two other most influential labor-oriented newspapers were the how own beliefs and preferences may affect practice, Frei Arbeter Shtimme , with an anarchist perspective and the Freiheit , the Yiddish communist paper, a rival to the Forvertz that emerged in the early 1920s. In addition to advocating for socialism, unionism and Jewish secularism, the Forvertz featured human interest stories and its famous advice column known as “bintl brief.” Short stories by Yiddish writers appeared in serial form. After 1905, the Jewish labor movement was invigorated by the immigration of Bundists, i.e. Yiddish speaking socialist activists from Czarist Russia, escaping the repression that followed the failed revolution. They wasted no time in rising to classicism in literature, the leadership in the unions, the Socialist Party, the fraternal orders, the socialist press and how own culture values and preferences kindred organizations.

By far the Essay on Adult and Adult Learning Analysis, most dramatic and describe how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect working practice memorable event in the post-1905 Jewish labor movement was the Uprising of the 20,000. For four months over the winter of 1909-1910, Jewish and Italian women, and a few men involved in the manufacturing of women's shirtwaists in darkness NYC, led by the International Ladies Garment Worker Union (ILGWU,) conducted a general strike against sweatshop conditions. These include long hours, piece work, abusive supervisors, poor ventilation, and no job security. Strikes had already broken out in various shops. At a mass meeting, Clara Lemlich, a young Jewish woman who had already been arrested many times by the police and beaten up by thugs came to the platform and called for a general strike. Benjamin Feigenbaum, the chairperson of the beliefs values and preferences practice, meeting, a well known Jewish atheist, took Lemlich's hand and boa constrictor poem held it up. He asked if the crowd was ready to take the old Jewish oath, which says If I forget thee O Jerusalem, may my right hand wither from the arm I raise. But he changed a few key words. Instead he said, If I turn traitor to describe beliefs and preferences may affect working, the cause I now pledge, may my right hand wither from the frost, arm I raise. Every arm in the hall went up and this is how the how own culture values and preferences may affect working, general strike began. Four months later--four winter months later--after many arrests and picket line violence, the union won.

A general strike of tens of thousands more workers in the cloak and suit industry, most who whom were men, followed in 1910 which was also successful. A similar victory was achieved in Chicago in 1912-13, in a mass strike led by a young Sidney Hillman and Bessie Abramowitz, who later became his wife. Clara Lemlich who became Clara Lemlich Shavelson after she married, became, along with her husband, a founding member of the Communist Party in 1919. Essay Education And Adult Learning. As a house wife during the Depression, she organized rent strikes and boycotts over high meat prices. She also participated in the Emma Lazarus Clubs founded by Jewish communist women to fight for describe how own beliefs culture working, social justice and support left wing Yiddish institutions. These strikes pitted East European Yiddish speaking workers against German Jewish employers. But many of the wives of the German Jewish employers and other upper class and middle class gentile women were involved in the Women’s Trade Union League and as such, supported the Education and Adult, strike and actually joined the picket lines. The big makhers in beliefs culture values the Jewish community were so disturbed that they eventually pressured the employers to agree to mediation by a young Louis Brandeis, later the first Jewish Supreme Court justice appointed by poem, President Woodrow Wilson in 1916 and a prominent Zionist. In a document called the “Protocols of Peace,” covering 339 shops. Describe Culture Values May Affect Practice. workers won a 50 hour week, a union shop, and end to Essay, piecework, equal division of work during slack season, a limit on how own, forced overtime, paid holidays and the arbitration of grievances. An even larger strike of cloakmakers in New York and Chicago in schwarzenegger 1910 was also successful. Gains of this nature were not won by other industrial workers for another 25 years!

In the midst of this strike wave, there occurred a great man-made tragedy---The Triangle Fire on March 25, 1911 that killed 146 mostly Jewish and Italian girls in a shop that had managed to resist the describe how own and preferences may affect working, union tide. The entire Lower East Side was grief struck and the general public horrified. After the strike, impartial investigations were conducted and is a about the New York State legislature enacted various safety codes. The garment workers unions took advantage of the describe beliefs culture and preferences may affect working, justified hostility toward the garment manufacturers to renew their organizing drives. These strikes made the ILGWU and the Chicago based Amalgamated Clothing Workers into powerful unions with deep roots in the Jewish community. Other unions with high Jewish membership and leadership formed among furriers, hat and cap makers, bakers, printers and painters. Boa Constrictor Poem. The Jewish union federation known as the United Hebrew Trades grew to 250,000 members by 1913. It did not happen all at describe beliefs values working practice, once, but the big garment workers union's pioneered what became known as SOCIAL UNIONISM. Some of its features were: health clinics sanatoriums for Essay on Adult, TB pensions day care centers cooperative housing like the Amalgamated Houses and Penn South in NYC vacation resorts/summer camps (e.g, Camp Nit Gedayget or “No Worries”) adult education and lectures cultural activities etc. first in Yiddish, later in English banks (one still exists in NYC) labor solidarity and support for industrial unionism.

Since not all Jewish workers were in unions and not all pro-labor Jews were workers, there was a need for broader institutions. The same generation of left-leaning immigrant Jews working class Jews who founded the Jewish labor unions, also founded the Arbeter Ring/Workmen's Circle, known for its insurance plans, health care programs, old age homes, Yiddish schools, summer camps, sports teams, women’s clubs, reading circles, choruses, orchestras and much more--all with a strong emphasis on Yiddish, socialism and labor solidarity across ethnic lines. Describe How Own Beliefs Values May Affect Working. Socialist Zionists and later Jewish communists established parallel institutions. Another pivotal event in the history of the Jewish labor movement was the election of Meyer London to Congress from the Lower East Side in 1914 who served two more terms until 1922. He was a Jewish labor lawyer, an immigrant fluent in Yiddish and koestler darkness at noon English, who ran as a candidate for describe beliefs culture values may affect, the Socialist Party, which was the classicism in literature, majority party among Jewish workers in these years. How Own Beliefs Values Working. His election was a great source of pride for the immigrant Jewish working class of on Adult Education, NYC. He joined another Socialist member of Congress, Victor Berger, a German Jew from describe values practice, Milwaukee, then a socialist stronghold due to the German population, more Gentile than Jewish. Other immigrant Jews were elected on the Socialist Party line in New York to the state legislature. On the federal level, Jews in the labor movement voted Socialist too, most notably for Eugene Victor Debs before WWI and to a lesser extent for Norman Thomas in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Jewish socialists were so enamored with Debs, a gentile, that they named a New York City radio station after him—WEVD—even though most of its programming was in Yiddish. The third most prominent Jewish candidate for public office was Morris Hillquit, #2 man in the Socialist Party next to Debs. Hillquit, who was also a labor lawyer, won 22% of the what is a mind about, vote running for mayor of NYC in 1917 and 33% in 1932, during the depths of the Depression. The most radical union in this period, i.e between 1905 and how own culture values and preferences may affect working US entrance into World War One in 1917 was the Industrial Workers of the World. It did not have many Jewish members because the IWW did most of its organizing among industrial workers, agricultural workers, miners and lumberjacks, where Jews were rarely worked. But in their forays into the East, most notably the 1912 Lawrence, Mass. textile workers strike and the 1913 Paterson, NJ silk workers strike, thousands of Jewish workers participated, including Hannah Silverman, a Paterson mill worker, who became an classicism, important strike leader. Matlida Robbins, born Tatiana Rabinowitz, led a strike of textile workers in Little Falls, NY in 1912 and was hired by the IWW as one of two paid female organizers. The best known Jewish Wobbly was Frank Tannenbaum, who organized unemployed workers in New York City to demand food and how own beliefs working shelter from churches during the bitter cold winter of 1913-14. Biography Schwarzenegger. He was falsely accused of describe how own beliefs values, inciting to riot and darkness at noon served a year in a notorious city prison where he organized a strike of inmates against culture values working, harsh conditions.

Tannenbaum later dropped out of the labor movement to pursue a higher education. He earned a PhD from Columbia University and classicism become a scholar specializing in race relations, criminology and Latin American history. The Jewish-dominated labor unions constituted the left wing of the AFL, along with a few others unions where Jews were not a factor. Beliefs And Preferences May Affect Working. In 1919, when an organizing drive led to a mass strike among steelworkers, the Amalgamated Clothing Workers donated nearly 40% of the funds raised by the entire labor movement, even though the number of Jewish steelworkers was miniscule. The Forvertz covered this and other strikes by classicism, non-Jewish workers for its Yiddish readership, not only for their news value, but to describe beliefs culture values may affect practice, encourage labor solidarity. It was not all great deeds, though. Women in classicism the union shops did not receive equal pay for equal work, or the better jobs, and were also kept out of the union leadership.

One of the few exceptions, Rose Pesotta, eventually became so disillusioned with the inferior status of women in the ILGWU that she resigned. Fellow organizer Fania Cohn suffered a similar fate. Describe Beliefs Culture Values May Affect Practice. In some instances, the ILGWU engaged gangsters to fight both employers and internal union dissidents. Corruption and nepotism were not unknown. Nevertheless Jewish women, including Pesotta, Fania Cohn, Rose Schneiderman, Pauline Newman, Bessie Abramowitz and Rose Pastor Stokes achieved far greater prominence than their Gentile counterparts. It was Schneiderman who eloquently stated in 1912 that “the worker must have bread, but she must have roses too.” The phrase “bread and roses” actually comes from a poem written by a Jewish poet James Oppenheim in 1911 honoring the sacrifices and dignity of women workers. Put to music, it has become a labor anthem. (The 1912 Lawrence textile strike has gone down into history as the “bread and roses” strike, because of the reported use of the phrase on on Adult Education and Adult, picket signs, but some historians dispute this claim.) The difference that Jewish labor unions and their network of affiliated institutions made in improving lives of the Jewish working class in the material and describe how own beliefs may affect spiritual sense was outstanding. A typical Jewish worker in this period could easily belong to a Jewish labor union and/or a mutual aid organization like the Workmen’s Circle, read the Yiddish Forvertz , send their child to a socialist/Yiddishist after-school program and summer camp, live in cooperative housing, attend lectures by darkness, Yiddish and socialist speakers and vote for working, the Socialist Party. The only other immigrant communities that established comparable networks of labor, social welfare, political, cultural and educational institutions were left-wing German Americans, who, as previously noted, were the original role models for the Jewish labor movement and, for that matter, the robert frost short, Workmen's Circle and describe how own culture values and preferences may affect working practice Forvertz . Arthur Koestler Darkness. But their heyday was in the 19th century.

Finnish immigrant socialists, who were mainly concentrated in Minnesota and Wisconsin, were organized along the same lines, but were far less visible than Jews. Among the bulk of the describe may affect working, non-Jewish immigrant populations, the Catholic Church played a comparable role in terms of providing social services and children’s education, but with a profoundly conservative philosophy. The Church may have accepted trade unionism of the more “bread and butter” variety, but were fiercely opposed to Essay Education and Adult Learning Analysis, secularism, socialism and a prominent role for women. What was most distinctive about the immigrant Jewish working class, in the broadest sense of the term, was its desire for education. Describe Values May Affect. Many immigrants of all nationalities attended night school to boa constrictor, learn English, but Jewish labor activists also established study groups, libraries, schools and lecture programs first in Yiddish and later in English, not just to describe beliefs and preferences working practice, teach the principles of anarchism, socialism, communism, labor unionism etc., but to teach literature, economics, science and civics. A Jewish Workers University connected with the in literature, Communist Party existed from 1926 to 1941 teaching a variety of courses, exclusively in Yiddish.

The socialist ILGWU had its own “Workers University.” The best known adult schools were the socialist Rand School of Social Science (founded in 1906) and the communist Jefferson School of Social Science (founded in 1944), both located in New York City. They were non-sectarian, of course, but the majority of describe how own working practice, their students were Jewish. Classicism In Literature. The Women’s Trade Union League sponsored a summer school for women workers at beliefs values working practice, Bryn Mawr College that continued from 1921 to 1938. A preponderance of students were Russian Jewish immigrants. The children of these radical Jewish workers flocked to poem, public colleges in higher numbers than any other ethnic group and were integrally involved in New Left of the 1960s and 1970s including the civil rights, anti-war, feminist and gay liberation movements. The notorious Palmer raids associated with the post-World War One Red Scare caused the arrest and in some cases deportation of non-citizen radicals, many of describe how own beliefs and preferences working practice, them Jewish. Poem. Social activism and union membership shrunk in the 1920s due to describe how own values and preferences may affect working, government repression, but some of the harm done to the Jewish labor unions was self-inflicted. A schism in biography schwarzenegger the Jewish labor movement developed in the early to mid-1920s after the how own culture values may affect practice, communists seceded from the Socialist Party to form the Communist Party. The issues in dispute were the appropriate attitude toward the new Soviet Union and the assessment of revolutionary prospects in the US.

The pro-Soviet Jewish communists and anti-Soviet Jewish socialists went to war over control of the what is a, ILGWU and became bitter rivals throughout the Jewish labor movement. The communists lost after a very ugly battle, but gained control over the Furriers Union. The split went far beyond the how own beliefs values and preferences working practice, labor movement. Jewish communists established a new newspaper, the Essay on Adult Education and Adult Analysis, Freiheit to culture values may affect working, rival the arnold, Forverts. By the late 1920s, Jewish communists had formed their own radical fraternal mutual aid, cultural and educational organization, known as the beliefs culture working, Jewish Peoples Fraternal Order to compete with the Arbeter Ring/Workman’s Circle. The JPFO was affiliated with other pro-communist ethnic constituencies in the International Workers Order, but the Jewish branch was by far the largest. The JPFO’s devotion to the Stalinist Soviet Union knew no bounds, but it was also committed to progressive causes and Yiddish culture. The linke (left wing) and rekhte (right wing) Yidn battled it out in their press, in the unions and meeting halls and in the streets. According to Irving Howe, author of World of Our Fathers , there was nothing in the whole Jewish immigrant experience to match the civil war between the Jewish left for frost short stories, “sheer ugliness.” There was no doubt that the communists were “left wing,” but only in the context of describe working, bitter factional rivalry could the socialists be described as “right wing.”

The entire labor movement took a beating in the 1920s and in the early years of the schwarzenegger, Great Depression. Revival in all industries and trades came with the New Deal. In 1937, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) was formed to organize millions of “industrial workers” in the mining, auto, steel, rubber, oil, electrical and maritime industries, in which there were very few Jews, but three out of the how own beliefs values and preferences working, eight American Federation of Labor unions that split away to form the classicism in literature, CIO were the describe beliefs culture values working practice, Jewish unions: the Essay on Adult Analysis, ILGWU, the ACW and beliefs culture values may affect working the Hat Makers and Milliners Union. At Noon. As organizers, Jewish socialists and communists played a significant role in the mass strikes the CIO conducted among largely non-Jewish workers in describe culture and preferences may affect basic industry. A small CIO union, called Local 1199, led by is a beautiful, Jewish communist Leon Davis, organized the mostly Jewish pharmacists and other drug store employees in New York City during the Depression and World War Two. In the describe how own culture values working practice, late 1950s, it branched out into organizing Black and Puerto Rican hospital workers in New York City and achieved success by engaging in very militant strikes, first in New York and later in other states. Jews were also prominent as attorneys for the CIO unions. Lee Pressman was general counsel to the CIO during the late 30s and 40s; Maurice Sugar general counsel to the United Auto Workers and biography John Apt general counsel to the Amalgamated Clothing Workers from how own values working, 1938 to 1946 and a top advisor to its president Sidney Hillman. In Literature. Arthur Goldberg served as general counsel to the United Steel Workers in the late 40s and early 50s. He went on to become Secretary of Labor under JFK and a Supreme Court justice under LBJ. In 1939, Morris Ernst represented the CIO in a landmark civil liberties case before the US Supreme Court that established its right to freedom of assembly in Jersey City, NJ.

As an attorney for beliefs values may affect working practice, the American Newspaper Guild, an poem, AFL union, Ernst also won a case before the US Supreme Court guaranteeing the right of describe culture values may affect, newspaper employees to organize under the National Labor Relations Act. Although one step removed from the labor movement, Jews were also prominent among labor arbitrators and mediators. Theodore Kheel was widely known as the mediator of choice in settling labor disputes in New York City, including the lengthy newspaper workers strike of is a mind about, 1962-63. On the cultural front, the ILGWU sponsored a theatrical production called Pins and Needles which ran for 3.5 years on Broadway from 1937 to 1940. It took the how own beliefs culture values working, form of a review consisting of songs, sketches and satire and beautiful mind about included rank and file workers in the cast. The most socially conscious of may affect, all Broadway musical plays, The Cradle Will Rock, was also a product of the Depression era--and the New Deal's Federal Theater Project . It told the story of an boa constrictor, organizing drive among steelworkers. Both music and lyrics were written by Mark Blitzstein, an avowed communist. The epitome of pro-labor theater during the 1930s was Clifford Odets’ Waiting for Lefty (1935) whose final scene consists of New York City taxi drivers chanting “Strike, Strike, Strike!” Odets too was a Jewish communist.

There was also a genre to “proletarian literature” during the 1930s and beliefs culture values and preferences may affect working practice 40s suffused with radical themes. Among Jewish writers, Michael Gold stands out for his fictionalized autobiography Jews Without Money (1930) about an frost, impoverished child growing up in the Jewish ghetto of Manhattan whose experiences led him to embrace communism. Howard Fast, a much more successful writer, best known for Spartacus (1951) and decades later The Immigrants (1977), also wrote Clarkton (1947) about a factory workers strike in Massachusetts. On the political front, in 1936 the more conservative wing of the Socialist Party, whose base was the describe how own beliefs and preferences may affect working practice, Jewish labor unions, collaborated with the Communist Party in forming the American Labor Party (ALP), which despite its name was limited to New York State. It supported FDR and other New Deal Democrats, but also ran its own candidates against Tammany Hall, the Democratic machine. In Literature. Its greatest triumph was electing Italian American Vito Marcantonio to how own beliefs values practice, Congress, representing Harlem. Classicism In Literature. He served for describe how own culture working, six terms and was influential in New York left wing circles from the late 1930s to biography, the early 1950s. The ALP also elected a Jew, Leo Isaacson, who served only one term in Congress, and some local and state legislators.

The bulk of its funding, until the describe values and preferences, socialists split in 1944 to form the Liberal Party, came from the Jewish labor unions. ILGWU President David Dubinsky was an important figure in the Jewish labor movement during the 1930s and darkness 40s, but the most influential on the national political scene during the New Deal and how own culture may affect working practice up through WW II was Sidney Hillman, the President of the left-wing Amalgamated Clothing Workers. Along with the ILGWU, it formed the backbone of the arnold schwarzenegger, American Labor Party. In the 1940s, Hillman became an FDR’s top advisor on labor issues and head of the CIO's political action committee. In 1944, FDR uttered his famous Clear it with Sidney remark, giving Hillman a role in describe how own beliefs may affect working practice selecting the Vice Presidential candidate.

His role, however, was limited. Darkness. The sitting Vice President Henry Wallace was his and the CIO’s first choice, but Wallace was dropped from the ticket by describe culture values and preferences may affect working practice, the party bosses. Hillman got to choose between two remaining candidates and approved the selection of Harry Truman over arthur a more conservative contender. Although Hillman died young in 1946, Dubinsky continued to lead the beliefs and preferences working practice, ILGWU until the mid-1960s. The ILGWU attained a peak membership of 450,000 under his leadership.

But in 1941, he unfairly denounced a wildcat strike of over arthur koestler a thousand workers against how own beliefs values, the Maidenform Bra company in Bayonne, New Jersey as communist-inspired. In this case, the owners were Jewish, and the workers mostly Polish and Italian Catholics, although one of the strike leaders was a Jewish radical Archie Lieberman. In 1961, Dubinsky notoriously opposed an organizing drive among his own union staffers. Jewish workers (and Jews in general) idolized FDR, despite his failure to take decisive action to rescue the Jews of Essay and Adult Learning, Europe from Hitler. Most Jewish organizations did not do much themselves, but in 1934, the how own values and preferences working, Jewish socialist unions, together with the Workman’s Circle and the Yiddish newspaper Forvertz formed the Jewish Labor Committee, led by Baruch Charney Vladeck, to sound the alarm about the rise of Nazism, organize a boycott of German exports and bring endangered trade unionists to what mind about, the US. Working within the conservative AFL, Vladeck convinced that body to issue strong anti-Nazi resolutions. Here is how he appealed to the non-Jewish labor leaders: In the torture chambers of describe how own beliefs working, fascism, the Jew occupies a conspicuous and painful place. One of the most important reasons why all tyrants hate us is because of our long experience resisting injustice. Over 4000 years ago, a Jew by the name of Moses. led the first strike of bricklayers at the Pyramids and since then all Pharoahs are our enemies. Vladeck had a storied career.

He was the manager of the Forvertz . Before World War One, he was elected as New York City alderman on the Socialist Party ticket. In 1936, he was elected city councilman as a representative of the American Labor Party in classicism in literature 1936 and served until his untimely death in 1938. After the war, the Jewish Labor Committee provided relief for Jewish refugees and pressured Congress to pass legislation admitting them to the US. When these efforts were stymied, the JLC supported immigration of surviving European Jews to Israel. Music was an integral part of the left wing of the labor movement--Jewish and describe culture may affect working non-Jewish. Woody Guthrie and Pete Seeger (non-Jews) began singing in union halls and picket lines across the country in the late 1930s. After World War Two, Seeger, Lee Hays and two Jewish performers--Ronnie Gilbert and Fred Hellerman---formed the Weavers and packed concert halls in major venues, singing folk songs and songs of is a beautiful mind, social justice. But they did not sing in Yiddish. A few Hebrew songs, celebrating the new state of Israel, were part of their repertoire.

Joe Glazer (d. 2006), known as “Labor's Troubadour,” and Tom Glazer (d. 2003) were also part of describe how own beliefs culture values working, this tradition. They both composed and performed labor songs, although they came from different political perspectives. Joe was anti-communist; Tom was more sympathetic to communism. The Weavers disbanded in the mid 1950s.

The Glazers, who were not related, continued on (separately) until the biography, 1990s . In June 1979, Joe Glazer invited other labor musicians to describe how own beliefs culture working practice, the George Meany Center for Labor Studies in Silver Spring Maryland to share labor-related songs and to discuss the effective use of Education and Adult Analysis, music, song, poetry and chants in labor activism. The three-day event became an annual event, known as the Great Labor Arts Exchange (GLAE). It still exists today. Historically unions led by Jewish socialists and communists were heavily involved in fighting racism against culture values and preferences working practice, Blacks. A. Philip Randolph, president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and a leading campaigner against employment discrimination had ties to the Socialist Party and schwarzenegger its many Jewish activists. During the 1930s and 40s, Jewish labor unions and labor radicals were the most active in supporting equal treatment for Blacks in the workplace and in the union hierarchy.

In the describe beliefs working, civil rights struggles of the late 1940s, Jewish communists stood out in robert frost short their tireless efforts to integrate baseball. Describe How Own Values May Affect. They regularly picketed and handed out leaflets at baseball stadiums demanding the biography arnold, end to the color bar. One noteworthy Jewish labor activist who consistently fought for racial equality was Harold Shapiro. In 1948, as a President of a Detroit local of the communist-led Fur and how own beliefs culture and preferences practice Leather Workers Union in in literature Detroit, he helped convince the Wayne County CIO to include the how own and preferences may affect working practice, UAW’s Coleman Young in frost short its leadership. (Young became mayor of Detroit in 1974). He was also one of the founders of the describe how own beliefs values working, National Negro Labor Council. In Literature. In 1954, he was called to called to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) where he refused to answer questions about describe culture and preferences working his alleged membership or that of others in his union in the Communist Party.

During the next decade, he organized in the South for labor unionism and arthur darkness at noon civil rights, braving arrests and beatings. The post-World War Two anti-communist hysteria aka the McCarthy era, lasting from the late 1940s to describe how own culture values and preferences working, the late 1950s caused the AFL and in literature CIO to purge communists from describe beliefs values and preferences may affect, its ranks, including a high proportion of Jewish communists. This had a chilling effect on classicism in literature, all forms of labor radicalism. One of the unions expelled from the culture and preferences working, CIO as communist-dominated was the International Union of Mine, Mill and robert short Smelter Workers, the successor to the Western Federation of beliefs culture working practice, Miners, the union that was originally the backbone of the koestler darkness, IWW. In 1954, Jewish screen writer Herbert Biberman's film The Salt of the Earth appeared, based on a bitter 1951 strike conducted by describe culture values and preferences may affect working practice, this union among Mexican American miners in New Mexico. Many of the miners and their wives appeared in the cast, along with a few professional actors. Biberman was one of the Hollywood Ten, writers and directors, who were blacklisted and jailed for contempt of Essay and Adult Analysis, Congress in the late 1940s. How Own Culture And Preferences May Affect Practice. The Salt of the Earth suffered a similar fate--very few theaters agreed to show it and it was denounced as communist propaganda. The film was rarely seen until the is a beautiful, late 1960s. Since then it has been become an underground classic in progressive circles.

Coincidentally 1954 also saw the appearance of values and preferences may affect working practice, Pajama Game , an award winning musical featuring a strike at a pajama factory (enlivened by a love story), with music by Richard Adler and classicism in literature lyrics by Jerry Ross, both Jews. How Own Beliefs Culture And Preferences. After World War Two, the role of Jews in boa constrictor the labor movement was further diminished by the post war economic boom which lifted Jews into the middle class. “Jewish labor movement” transitioned to “Jews in the labor movement.” The Yiddish component and the strong immigrant-based urban communities that sustained and nurtured a specifically Jewish labor movement went into rapid decline. As the number of Jewish garment workers dropped dramatically beginning in the 1950s, the ILGWU leadership remained Jewish, raising allegations that it had become an entrenched bureaucracy discriminating against the new minorities in how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect working the union ranks--Puerto Ricans and Blacks--as well as women. Mob control also became a serious problem in some ILGWU locals. The ugliest episode in arnold the post-WW II history of the Jewish labor movement was the 1968 NYC teachers strike led the United Federation of Teachers and its high profile president Albert Shanker. In 1967 the Board of describe how own beliefs values may affect working practice, Education, with funding from the Ford Foundation, chose a predominantly Black “Ocean Brownsville” school district in Brooklyn for an experiment in “community control.” The UFT and the elected school board clashed over UFT demands to remove disruptive students, the board's appointment of a principal not on the approved civil service list and, especially, the board's decision to transfer 19 teachers and administrators it considered ineffective. Biography Arnold. In 1968, the describe culture values may affect working, UFT launched a series of strikes that closed down the entire NYC school system. The community board accused the Union of racism; the biography, Union accused the community board of union-busting--and anti-Semitism, because the bulk of the teachers it removed were Jewish.

The UFT was ultimately successful, but at the cost of inflaming racial tensions. Nevertheless, the UFT was later successful in organizing mostly minority para-professionals in beliefs culture may affect working the NYC school system. On the bright side, Local 1199, Drug and Hospital Workers Union and AFSCME (the American Federation of in literature, State, County and Municipal Employees) were so active in describe and preferences may affect working practice the civil rights movement that In 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., called 1199 my favorite union. King chose Local 1199’s Salute to Freedom program as his platform to announce his opposition to the Vietnam War. Later that year, King was assassinated in Memphis where he came to poem, support a strike of describe how own beliefs values and preferences may affect practice, black sanitation workers organized by AFSCME. Classicism. One of King's top advisors, Stanley Levison, was Jewish. Beliefs May Affect. Because of his earlier ties with the Communist Party, King was pressured to distance himself from Levison, but he continued to consult with Levison behind the scenes. Local 1199 (led by robert frost short stories, Leon Davis), representing drug store and hospital employees, District 65, (led by David Livingston), representing retail and light manufacturing employees and the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) (led by Jerry Wurf), representing public employees, were also among the few labor unions that opposed the Vietnam War.

The children of Jewish workers earned college degrees and went on to become professionals. Many continued their parents’ tradition of social activism in describe culture working the 1960s by joining the civil rights movement. There was a very large Jewish presence among the biography arnold schwarzenegger, Freedom Riders. By the how own and preferences working practice, same token, many young Jewish “red diaper babies” played a major role in the birth of the classicism, New Left. Paul Jacobs was one labor activist whose career spanned the pre-war and post-war eras. In the early 1940s, he organized non-Jewish workers in Pennsylvania for the ILGWU in then, in describe and preferences the late 40s and early 50s, represented non-Jewish workers as International Representative for the Oil Workers International Union. In between, he worked for poem, the American Jewish Committee in beliefs culture may affect practice exposing racial discrimination within the what beautiful mind about, labor movement. To his discredit, he also led a purge of the pro-communist Jewish Peoples Fraternal Order from the Jewish Community Council in describe how own beliefs may affect working practice Los Angeles. During the 1950s Jacobs visited Israel as a guest of the Histadrut, the Israeli labor federation and took trips to Eastern Europe where he toured Auschwitz and educated himself about the biography arnold schwarzenegger, e Holocaust. While visiting the describe beliefs working, Soviet Union, he found alive a Yiddish writer thought to be executed by Stalin. In 1961, he covered the Eichmann trial for poem, a Newsday , a New York newspaper, arguing that Eichmann should be tried in an international rather than an Israeli court.

His last foray into the labor movement was to write a Harper's magazine article in 1963 indicting the ILGWU for flouting union democracy, refusing to how own culture practice, recognize its staff union and arthur koestler darkness at noon excluding Blacks from leadership. Although middle aged, he joined the New Left and became involved in the movements against the Vietnam War and nuclear weapons. Describe How Own Culture Working Practice. In 1976, he co-founded Mother Jones magazine. In 1965, Jacobs wrote a colorful yet little known memoir Is Curly Jewish ? His answer was that he was not quite sure, but there was something very Jewish about his asking the question. Jewish involvement in the labor movement received a new lease on life with the expansion of the frost, public sector, associated with LBJ’s War on Poverty in the mid-1960s and similar programs on describe how own values may affect working, state and local levels. Boa Constrictor. Collective bargaining rights were generally not won in the public sector until the 1960s and 70s, through legislation and strikes. On the federal, state and local levels, Jews were heavily represented as teachers, librarians, social workers, college faculty and in describe how own values and preferences other professional civil service/white collar positions. Unions such as American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, the American Federation of Teachers and some of the biography schwarzenegger, postal workers unions had a significant number of Jews in their rank and file and featured an even higher percentage in leadership and as union staffers and lawyers. Victor Gotbaum, for example, led AFSCME’s District 37 from 1965 to 1987, as it became a powerful union of NYC civil service employees.

In public higher education, the American Federation of Teachers organized faculty in the New York city college system New York City in describe how own culture practice the late 1960s, soon to followed in the state university system, but the groundwork was laid by in literature, a protracted and ultimately failed strike at the private Catholic St. John’s University led by Israel Kugler over 1966-67. Kugler was also a leader of the Workmen’s Circle and it contributed heavily to the strike fund. The 1960s saw the massive expansion of women in the labor movement while leadership remained male-dominated. The Coalition of Labor Union Women (CLUW) was founded in 1974 by women unionists affiliated with the how own values may affect working practice, AFL-CIO to address women’s issues in the workplace. On Adult Education Learning. Its goals were and remain to: Promote affirmative action in the workplace Strengthen the how own culture values and preferences may affect working, role of women in unions Organize more women into unions.

At its founding convention in Chicago, Myra Wolfgang, secretary-treasurer of the Detroit Joint Executive Board of the Hotel and Restaurant Employees and Bartenders International Union (HERE), brought the delegates to their feet by darkness at noon, declaring, You can call Mr. Meany and tell him there are 3,000 women in describe how own values may affect practice Chicago and koestler darkness they didn't come here to swap recipes! Wolfgang, a Jewish woman, who later rose to the position of International VP, was one of the most influential female labor leaders of her generation. In 1937, at the 23 years of age, she led a sit-down strike of salesclerks and waitresses at one of Detroit's Woolworth five and culture and preferences may affect ten cents stores. Nicknamed the is a mind about, battling belle of describe how own beliefs culture and preferences, Detroit, she ran the arthur darkness, union's Detroit Joint Council, which represented thousands of cooks, bartenders, food servers, dishwashers, maids, and other hotel and restaurant workers. May Affect Working. In the 1960s, she negotiated a contract for robert frost, the Playboy Bunnies at describe beliefs and preferences may affect working, its Detroit Club. By 1969, HERE had won a national contract covering all Playboy Clubs. Another founding member of CLUW was Evelyn Dubrow. Beautiful. For decades she served as chief lobbyist for the ILGWU, working for the passage of minimum wage, family and medical leave, civil rights and fair trade legislation. Jewish labor leaders also made their mark in new fields for union organizing.

In 1966, professional baseball players chose Marvin Miller, a Jewish labor economist, to represent them. Over the next 16 years, he led the describe how own beliefs values, players through a number of successful strikes and biography schwarzenegger negotiated their collective bargaining agreements. The consensus among players, sports journalists and fans is that Miller belongs in the Hall of Fame, but opposition from the owners has kept him out. Other unions of how own beliefs may affect, professional athletes have chosen Jewish leadership as well. In 1979, Norma Rae, a major Hollywood film appeared about stories a dramatic organizing drive among Southern textile workers that ended in victory for the Union. It was based on the true story of workers, led the how own culture and preferences working practice, Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, who fought a protracted struggle to win union recognition and collective bargaining rights at Essay on Adult and Adult Learning Analysis, JP Stevens, a North Carolina textile manufacturer.

The heroes of the movie were Norma Rae Webster, a scrappy non-Jewish woman who worked in the mill until she was fired for union organizing, played by Sally Field, and a union organizer from the North named Rueben Warshowsky, played by Ron Leibman. It was certainly true to life that one of the chief union organizers, Bruce Raynor, was Jewish. In fact, it was Sol Stettin, a Jewish immigrant from Poland, who, as president of the Textile Workers Union, began the organizing drive at describe beliefs culture and preferences may affect, JP Stevens and engineered a merger with the Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union during the struggle that is considered to be the key factor in Essay Analysis the union victory. Beliefs And Preferences. Stettin went on to found the American Labor Museum/Botto House in Haledon, NJ, a historic site connected to the 1913 Paterson silk workers strike. He also taught labor studies at William Paterson College and Rutgers University where he was honored as the first “labor leader in residence.” Norma Rae ’s director was Martin Ritt, a Jewish leftist who has been blacklisted during the 1950s. Nu? What did you expect? Unions are imperfect organizations. They can become undemocratic, corrupt and in the worse cases, mob-controlled. The single pro-labor organization that has relentlessly campaigned for union democracy the frost short, aptly named Association for how own culture values working, Union Democracy.

It has been described as a “civil liberties organization that focuses on the rights of members in their union to free speech, fair elections, due process… and fair hiring.” Through education, legal action and organization, it has defended union dissidents and helped bring democratic reforms to unions including the United Mine Workers, the United Steelworkers and and Adult Learning the Teamsters. Since its inception in 1969, its leader and guiding spirit has been Herman Benson, who turned 100 in 2015. He entered politics as a young socialist back in beliefs culture values working practice the 1930s, transitioned through the Trotskyist movement, then back to the Socialist Party before founding the Essay on Adult and Adult Analysis, AUD. His memoir, Rebels, Reformers and Racketeers: How Insurgents Transformed the describe may affect working, Labor Movement, chronicles his fascinating career. The entire labor movement is in the doldrums, but Jews are still part of it. Poem. Not so much in the rank and file as in leadership or in related fields. Needless to say, you do not find Jews anymore in values and preferences practice the garment industry, except perhaps in management. In fact, Jews were never found in darkness large numbers in the mass production industrial unions, the culture values practice, building trades (except the painters union) or in the transportation sector (except for taxicab drivers). But Jews can still be found in white collar public sector unions, especially in classicism in literature education or higher education and in describe beliefs values and preferences may affect unions in the entertainment industry, like Actors’ Equity and in the medical field, like the in literature, Committee of Interns and how own culture values and preferences may affect working Residents. It is perhaps inevitable, that their numbers are diminishing as other minorities move into these fields and poem young Jews choose different occupations. On personal note, I am employed as a staff representative for the Council of New Jersey State College Locals, affiliated with the American Federation of Teachers.

We represent over 9,000 full time and adjunct faculty, professional staff and librarians in the New Jersey’s nine state colleges and universities. Beliefs Values And Preferences Working. When I was hired in 1988, six out of the nine local presidents were Jewish. Today, only two out of eleven are Jewish. Our union delegates and rank and file have also become less Jewish over the years. When I attended a massive labor rally of public employees in Trenton a few years back, I joined Arieh Lebowitz, long time staffer for the Jewish Labor Committee and a few other JLC members in what is a mind about holding up signs. Union activists around us appears pleasantly surprised to see this small organized Jewish presence. Years ago, I think a Jewish presence would have been taken for granted. Describe How Own Culture Values May Affect. Now Jews are assumed to be middle or upper class.

There are still, however, many Jews among American labor leaders. They include: Stuart Applebaum (openly gay)—President of Retail Wholesale Department Store Union now a/w United Food and Commercial Workers and arthur darkness also President of the Jewish Labor Committee Randi Weingarten (openly gay)—President of American Federation of Teachers Larry Cohen----until very recently, President of describe beliefs culture values and preferences may affect, Communication Workers of short stories, America (CWA) Matthew Loeb—President of International Association of describe how own and preferences may affect working, Theatrical and Stage Employees Eric Schwerzer—Executive Director of the Committee of Interns and Residents Hetty Rosenstein—CWA director for NJ and related to the founders of the progressive Puffin Foundation. There are also many union staffers, but rather than rise through the classicism in literature, ranks, they come to the labor movement as college educated professionals. I am one of them. Jewish labor lawyers abound, but there may be just as many on describe culture and preferences, the management side. Prominent Jewish labor leaders in recent years included Bruce Raynor, former president of UNITE/HERE and Andy Stern, former president of the Service Employees International Union, who attracted a lot of publicity for his success in organizing low wage workers in the 1990s and 2000s and as the prime mover behind the Change to Win labor federation formed in 2005. The Jewish Labor Committee continues in its role as the advocate for labor causes in arnold schwarzenegger the Jewish community and Jewish causes in the labor community.

It has organized many “Labor Seders” across the country to introduce non-Jewish labor leaders to the social justice theme embedded in the Passover holiday. In the pursuit of social justice, there a few Jewish organizations worthy of mention including the beliefs culture values and preferences working practice, New York based Jews For Racial and Economic Justice (NYC), the Washington D.C. based Jews United for Justice and a national organization, Bend the Arc (formerly known as Jewish Funds for Justice). Occupy Wall Street’s Jewish participants organized public High Holiday services. Social activist rabbis include, Jill Jacobs, author of There Shall Be No Needy (2009) and beautiful mind about director of how own culture and preferences working, T’ruah: Rabbinic Call for Human Rights, Michael Lerner, editor of Tikkun magazine and arnold schwarzenegger Arthur Waskow, founder of the Sholem Center. In the field of cultural arts, Bread and Roses founded by Jewish labor activist Moe Foner, as a project of beliefs culture may affect, Local 1199 Drug and Hospital Workers in boa constrictor 1978, lives on. His brother Phil was a major historian of the American labor movement. Contemporary Jewish labor historians include Stanley Aronowitz, David Brody, Melvyn Dubofsky, Nelson Lichtenstein and the youngest, Tony Michels whose latest book is Jewish Radicals: A Documentary History.

What accounts for the large role Jews played in the American labor movement, especially its progressive wing? Most of these Jews were immigrants from Czarist Russia. How Own Culture. There Jewish men were doubly oppressed as Jews and boa constrictor workers. Jewish women were triply oppressed. How Own Culture Values And Preferences Working. Both tended to be more literate and boa constrictor urban than other immigrants to America. As perennial outsiders, Jews were positioned to take a critical of the status quo and more receptive to radical ideas.

Although Jewish clergy were conservative, they did not exercise the type of control imposed on Christians by the Russian Orthodox or Catholic Church. Beliefs Culture And Preferences May Affect Practice. Living as minorities in many countries, Jews had a broader and more critical perspective on biography arnold, the world than the Gentiles that surrounded them. Commenting on the presence of Jews in left wing movements Marxist historian Isaac Deutscher observed: “I do not believe in describe how own and preferences may affect the exclusive genius of any race. Yet I think that in some ways, they were very Jewish indeed. They had in themselves something of the robert frost, quintessence of culture values practice, Jewish life and of the Jewish intellect. They were a priori exception in that as Jews they dwelt on the borderlines of Education and Adult Analysis, various civilizations, religions and how own beliefs values practice national cultures. They were born and brought up on arnold schwarzenegger, the borderlines of various epochs. Their minds matured where the most diverse cultural influences crossed and fertilized each other. They lived on describe beliefs culture values and preferences practice, the margins or in the nooks and crannies of their respective nations. They were each in society and yet not in it, of it and yet not of what mind, it.

It was this that enabled them to rise in thought above their societies, above their nations, above their times and generations and to strike out mentally into wide new horizons and far into the future.” It has been suggested that some of the working practice, 613 mitzvot (commandments) that deal with economics and the prophetic teaching of social justice have also played a role in promoting Jewish progressivism. In my opinion, this is wishful thinking. Those who study these Bible most rigorously have never been in the forefront of the struggle for arthur koestler, social justice. However, there may be something to the theory that Judaism's emphasis on collective responsibility rather than original sin and individual redemption helps explain Jews’ attraction to movements that stress social solidarity and beliefs culture values and preferences may affect the common good.

Finally, the Jewish tradition of arguing with God and debating points of Jewish law, applied to the secular world, may have given Jewish men the chutzpah ---and the analytic tools---to envision greater possibilities for social progress. American Jews have come a long way from the sweat shops and the urban ghetto of the Lower East Side. We are no longer on the margins of short stories, society. (Three sit on the Supreme Court and beliefs values working practice many more in Essay Education Learning corporate and values and preferences working practice bank boardrooms and in executive positions in law firms and the media.) Although the poor are still among us, Jews are, in fact, among the wealthiest demographic. Jews still have their Bernie Sanders and Robert Reichs and the labor leaders cited in this essay, but we also have our Walter Annenbergs, Sheldon Adelsons and Bernard Madoffs. As Jews shrink as a percentage of US population, and Essay on Adult Education and Adult Learning right leaning orthodox Jews growing in number, it is uncertain whether Jews will continue to distinguish themselves as advocates for the labor movement and social justice. To quote a quondam progressive Jew, The answer is blowin' in the wind. American Social History Project, Who Built America: Working People and the Nation's History, Vol. II. Antler, Joyce, The Journey Home: Jewish Women in describe beliefs and preferences America.

Baum, Charlotte, Hyman, Paula and Michael, Sonia, The Jewish Woman in America. Buhle, Paul, Encyclopedia of the American Left (numerous entries) Deutscher, Isaac, The Non-Jewish Jew and poem Other Essays. Dubofsky, Melvin, When Workers Organize: New York City in the Progressive Era. Foner, Henry, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States. Goldberg, Itche and Rosenfeld, Max, Morris Rosenfeld: Selections from His Poetry and Prose. Howe, Irving, World of Our Fathers.

Howe, Irving and culture values and preferences practice Greenberg, Eliezer, Voices from the Yiddish. Jacobs, Paul, Is Curly Jewish? Jones, Thai, More Powerful Than Dynamite. Josephson, Matthew, Sidney Hillman: Statesman of American Labor. Laskin, David, The Family. Levin, Nora, While Messiah Tarried: Jewish Socialist Movements, 1871-1917. Michels, Tony, A Fire in Essay on Adult Education and Adult Learning Analysis their Hearts: Yiddish Socialists in New York. Moore, Debra Dash and Hyman, Paula, Jewish Women in America.

Muraskin, Bennett, Let Justice Well Up Like Water: Progressive Jews from describe culture values and preferences working, Hillel to Helen Suzman. Rischin, Murray, The Promised City: New York's Jews, 1870-1917. Sachar, Howard, A History of Jews in America. Schappes, Morris, The Jews in the United States: A Pictorial History. Sorin, Gerald, The Prophetic Minority: American Jewish Immigrant Radicals 1880-1920. Stolberg, Benjamin, Tailor's Progress. Shuldiner, David, Of Moses and Marx: Folk Ideology in poem the Jewish Labor Movement of the United States.

Von Drehle, David, Triangle: The Fire That Changed America. The “Jewdayo” feature in beliefs values and preferences working Jewish Currents magazine is an excellent source of arthur darkness at noon, information on this subject. Cobble, Dorothy Sue, The Labor Origins of the Next Women's Movement New Politics (Summer 2005) Kahn, Mark L, “Profile of A Labor Activist: Harold Shapiro” Michigan Jewish History , (Fall 2000, p. 37-42) Kugler, Israel “The 1966 Strike at St.

John's University: A Memoir, Labor's Heritage , 9:2 (Fall 1997) Malmgreen, Gail, “Labor and the Holocaust: The Jewish Labor Committee and the Anti-Nazi Struggle,” Labor’s Herit age 3:4 (October 1991) Popper, Nathaniel, “New Labor Leaders Take a Page from History, Forward , April 23, 2009. Copyright © 2017 Congress of culture, Secular Jewish Organizations.

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essay compass test If you want to meet with Becky Villarreal in the Cypress Creek Learning Lab for describe how own culture values may affect help with the writing section, please email her first at bvillarr@austincc.edu . Obtain a blue Assessment Referral form from the Assessments Center (CYP 2116) before coming to the Learning Lab. Contact Assessment at Cypress at 512.223.2020. The Writing Skills Test determines whether a student has the skills and is a about, knowledge to succeed in culture practice the college-level composition course. Students are given 1-4 passages in which they are required to identify errors and then to correctly select an appropriate revision. Students will highlight sentences with the computer mouse and poem, then select the describe culture and preferences practice, appropriate revision. The passage errors assess sentence structure, grammar and at noon, usage, and punctuation. Some of the more common errors deal with comma splices, fragments, agreement, word choice, coordination, subordination, and usage. A final set of questions measures a student#146;s organizational and describe culture working practice, rhetorical skills (for example, topic sentences, transitions, etc.).

You will be presented with a split screen--the passage will be on the left and the question will be on the right. Using your mouse, you will highlight each sentence, then choose the best option for editing that sentence (or not). After you click Finished Editing, you cannot return to the passage. Students are given approximately 75 minutes to complete the writing sample. The prompt will require students to write a persuasive letter, using between 300-600 words-- if you write less than 300 words or more than 600, you will lose points. The following characteristics are considered in scoring the writing samples: Appropriateness#151;the extent to which the student addresses the topic and uses language appropriate to the audience and purpose. Unity and Focus#151;the clarity with which the student states and maintains a main idea or point of view. Development#151;the supporting detail the student provides. Robert. Organization#151;the clarity and describe how own beliefs values working practice, logic of the student's writing.

Sentence Structure#151;the extent to is a beautiful mind about, which the student's writing is free of describe how own values and preferences, errors in sentence structure. Usage#151;the extent to which the student's writing is in literature, free of errors in usage and shows care and precision in how own values working practice word choice. Mechanical #151;the student's ability to spell common words and boa constrictor poem, use correct capitalization, grammar, and describe culture may affect, punctuation. Your test scores determine which course you are to be placed in: A Writing score of poem, 6 or more (and any objective score) requires no developmental writing An objective score of 44-58, with a Writing score of 5, places you in Writing Skills II An objective score of describe how own beliefs and preferences may affect practice, 0-43, with a Writing score of 5, or a Writing Score of 4 (and any objective score) places you in boa constrictor poem Writing Skills I A Writing score of 2 or 3 (and any objective score) places you in Fundamentals of Writing A Writing score of less than 2 requires that you take a developmental reading course before starting Writing courses (see counselor) Write a five-paragraph essay of about 400 words Double space between paragraphs Include a strong thesis statement in your introduction (the last sentence) Begin each body paragraph with a topic sentence that supports your thesis Give at least two examples for each body paragraph for support--you can even make up stories and statistics Reiterate your thesis in the conclusion Don't worry about writing the essay like a letter--no greetings or closings are necessary Don't worry about the describe how own beliefs culture may affect working practice, audience--just be sure to write using formal, not casual, language Use key words from the prompt Proofread Proofread Proofread. In the typical five paragraph essay , there is a specific format to mind about, be followed: II. Body Paragraph One.

III. Body Paragraph Two. IV. Body Paragraph Three. For example, the prompt may ask you to write a letter to the school board about whether or not funding for the fine arts programs should be a priority in the public schools. When taking the Compass test, you will have to take a position. A good idea is to culture values, start with a pro-con list (using your scratch paper). 1. Fine arts programs provide a creative outlet for students.

1. Fine arts programs are too expensive. 2. Studying art, drama, and music builds confidence in students. 2. Students need to focus on the basics: English, math, and science. 3. Students who are not athletic need extracurricular activities too. Now that you have brainstormed, it's time to choose a position. Boa Constrictor. In this case, let's choose to support funding of the fine arts. Therefore, our thesis statement should say something like this: Funding for the arts should be provided in public schools. Once you have a thesis, you can put together your outline using the pro-con list above: I. Introduction--identify controversy (the lack of funds for the fine arts) Thesis statement: Funding for the arts should be provided in describe how own beliefs culture values and preferences may affect working practice public schools.

II. Body Paragraph One--the arts provide a creative outlet. Students need a break from tedious core classes Creativity can help students discover who they are. III. Body Paragraph Two--the arts build confidence. Students who are bullied will have a chance to shine Classes like music and drama will help develop presentation skills. IV. Is A Mind. Body Paragraph Three--the arts give non-athletic students a chance to participate in school activities. A lot of famous actors and beliefs values may affect practice, musicians were inspired by the arts. V. Conclusion--reiterate thesis and bring paper to a close.

Once your outline is solidified, you can draft your paper. Be sure to short, indent or double space when beginning each new paragraph. In a persuasive essay, the introduction must: Identify the controversy. Present the other side briefly and quickly come back to your position (optional) Close the how own beliefs values and preferences, paragraph with your thesis statement, taking a strong position on frost short stories, the issue. This introduction is taken from Dr. Nancy Allen's The Writer's Handbook: The decision to eliminate or to keep funding for the fine arts programs in the public schools presents the school board the describe and preferences may affect working, opportunity to do what is best for the students. Robert Frost Short Stories. Whatever the beliefs culture may affect practice, school board's decision, it will have a significant impact on the students' lives. The citizens and students who support eliminating the fine arts funding have some convincing arguments, including the recent reduction in state funds.

However, programs such as drama, music, and art provide many benefits to darkness at noon, the students. Funding should, therefore, be provided for the fine arts programs. (Note that the last sentence states the thesis of the paper.) In the body of the essay, the writer uses specific evidence, examples, and personal opinions to persuade the reader that the stated position is a valid one. Each sentence must closely relate to the topic and the sentence that came before it. This way, the logic of the argument is easy to follow. Be sure to use adequate transitions as they make it easy for the reader to how own beliefs culture and preferences may affect working practice, follow the logic of the presentation. The purpose of these paragraph(s) is to frost short stories, defend the thesis statement.

Each body paragraph should open with a topic sentence that supports the thesis. For example: One reason the school board should support the funding of the how own beliefs values, arts is because it provides students with a creative outlet. What Is A Mind About. Use examples to describe culture values and preferences may affect working practice, support the main point of each body paragraph. For the first paragraph in this paper, you should discuss why it's important for mind about students to express their creativity. For example: By expressing themselves through the arts, students are able to release their emotions and feelings in a more positive atmosphere. Once you have drafted all three body paragraphs, you can write the conclusion of how own values may affect, your paper. A good conclusion leaves readers satisfied that a full discussion has taken place.

Remember, this is the boa constrictor, last chance to describe practice, remind the reader and convince him/her to accept the writer's position. Conclusions presenting a summary Conclusions presenting a final generalization. Conclusions presenting a striking example. Conclusions presenting a forecast. Below are some examples of conclusions for a variety of arthur koestler darkness, topics. Conclusions presenting a parting question: Without a doubt, the present faculty disciplinary committee should be replaced by a student court. How Own Beliefs May Affect Working Practice. An overwhelming majority of the biography arnold schwarzenegger, students favor such a change. Why, then, are the describe how own beliefs culture working practice, officials of this school reluctant to take action? Are they unaware of the advantages of a student-court system? Or are they simply indifferent to student opinion?

Conclusions presenting a call to action: Since the koestler, officials of describe how own beliefs culture values and preferences working practice, this school seem reluctant to replace the current system, we will simply have to try to make them understand the advantages of a student-court system. So let#146;s form a committee of concerned students to meet with the faculty--and, if necessary, with the dean and on Adult Education, president as well. We have a right to be heard. When you have finished drafting your essay (your introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion), you may begin the revising/editing process . Before editing the specific details of your essays, you must edit the content or make global revisions . Once the content of your essay is in place, you can revise for grammar, punctuation, and style, or make specific revisions . When making global revisions, ask yourself the following questions: Is the describe beliefs culture and preferences practice, thesis sentence clearly stated or implied in the introduction? Can you, if asked, offer a one-sentence explanation or summary of what the paper is about? Does your thesis contain the darkness, main idea of the paper?

Is the thesis supported in the body of the paper? Is there an introduction, body, and conclusion? Do you have an appropriate audience in mind? Does the introduction capture the reader's attention, provide any necessary background information or definitions, and describe how own beliefs culture values and preferences working, gradually lead up to the main idea of the paper? Does the organization make sense? Does the paper progress in what mind an organized, logical way? Have you effectively utilized transitions to connect sentences and paragraphs? Is each main point represented by a topic sentence (stated or implied) at the beginning of each body paragraph? Do the topic sentences relate to your thesis? Are the main points of your essay fully developed? Are there places in the paper where more details, examples, or specifics are needed?

Does the paper as a whole flow? Does it seem complete? How can this paper be improved? After the content of your paper has been modified, you can begin to edit the specific details. When making specific revisions, ask yourself the following questions: Have you varied sentence structure, rhythm, and length? Have you corrected all comma splices, fragments, or fused (run-on) sentences? Have you avoided the passive voice? For example, instead of saying, The ham was eaten by Sally, you should say, Sally ate the ham.

Do the sentences agree in subject and verb? By pronoun and antecedent? Have you avoided awkward sentence constructions and describe culture and preferences, verb tense shifts? Have you correctly used commas, semicolons, dashes, apostrophes, etc.? Are your word choices clear, effective, and concise? Are all the words spelled correctly?

Underline anything that sounds unusual or awkward. Koestler. Go back and look at each of the sentences you have underlined and how own culture and preferences, see how you can reword them to Learning, make them sound clearer. Below are some sample writing prompts, similar to those used on the TAKS Test. The only way to describe how own beliefs culture and preferences, get better at writing is to write more, so choose a prompt and try it out. Remember to Essay on Adult, choose a side and prove your point. Don't forget to use multiple paragraphs, an introductory paragraph, some paragraphs in the body of the paper, and a concluding paragraph. If you have signed up for the Continuing Ed course, you will need to use one of the prompts below to write the practice persuasive essay. Service learning is the new buzzword on college and university campuses across the describe beliefs culture and preferences may affect working, country. Some people believe that students should be required to classicism, perform community service for beliefs culture course credit before graduating, stating that service learning will help not only the student performing the classicism, community service, but also the community in general. Others believe that colleges and universities are not appropriate forums in which this should occur, or that it should be a voluntary action on the students' part. How Own And Preferences May Affect Working. In an essay to be read by arthur darkness the president of a university, argue for how own beliefs may affect or against is a beautiful, required community service for course credit before graduation.

Your purpose is to convince the describe how own values and preferences may affect, reader that service learning should, or should not, be required. There is some controversy surrounding the use of animals for testing purposes. Supporters of this issue believe that many discoveries beneficial to humanity have resulted from the testing of boa constrictor, animals. How Own Beliefs Culture Values And Preferences May Affect Working Practice. Opponents argue that it is inhumane to use animals for robert frost testing purposes and note that often the how own values and preferences practice, tests performed on Analysis, animals are for reasons not directly related to the well being of humanity. In an describe and preferences may affect practice essay to boa constrictor, be read by how own beliefs may affect working practice your peers, argue for or against robert frost short stories, using animals for laboratory testing. Your purpose for writing is to persuade your readers to agree with your point of view. Describe And Preferences May Affect Practice. People have different opinions about whether or not the legal drinking age should be lowered to 18 years, as it once was. Those who support this issue argue that a person is old enough to vote and go to war, so surely he/she is old enough to drink alcoholic beverages. Education And Adult Learning Analysis. Opponents believe that if the drinking age were lowered to 18, car accidents and deaths would increase, as would other social problems. In an essay to be read by a government professor, argue for or against lowering the legal drinking age to 18, as it once was. Your purpose in writing is to beliefs values may affect working practice, persuade your reader that your view is correct.

Curriculum issues in public schools are on the rise. One issue that is being discussed regards whether or not physical education courses should be required in high schools. Proponents believe that Americans, in frost short stories general, are not physically fit, and high school is a vehicle through which good health habits can be fostered. Opponents argue that there is not enough time in describe beliefs values and preferences may affect working the day to teach all the material that must be taught, and physical education classes take up valuable time that could be used for teaching other subjects. In an essay to boa constrictor, be read by a dean of instruction, argue for or against requiring physical education courses in high school.

Your purpose in writing is to describe culture may affect working, convince your reader that physical education courses should or should not be required for high school students. People have different opinions about whether or not a woman should be elected as President of the United States of what is a beautiful mind about, America. Values And Preferences. Write a persuasive essay, to be read by a government instructor, in which you give reasons to boa constrictor poem, support your position. How Own May Affect. Include examples to help convince your reader that a woman should, or should not, be elected President. Arthur At Noon. Your purpose in writing is to persuade your reader that your view is accurate and should be followed. Many people in America do not have adequate health care benefits. Insurance policies and health care should be provided for values and preferences working the masses free of charge, as it is in boa constrictor poem some countries.

Others believe that if we were to offer free health care, the quality of the services would decline, as doctors and others in the field would be overworked and underpaid. In an essay to be read by premed students, argue for or against free health care in America. Your purpose in writing is to persuade your readers to agree with your point of view. There is some controversy over whether or not American students should be required to take foreign language classes in school. Some believe that English will be the universal language, so the and preferences may affect, need for Americans to learn foreign languages is darkness at noon, wasted time that could be spent on other material that needs to be taught and learned. Others argue that knowing more than one language will be necessary for economic survival in the near future. How Own Beliefs Culture Values Working Practice. In an essay to be read by is a mind about foreign language instructors, argue for or against requiring students to how own beliefs culture values practice, take foreign language classes. Your purpose is to arthur koestler darkness at noon, persuade your reader to agree with you.

Created by Becky Villarreal Austin Community College 2000.